Podiatrist Blog

Posts for tag: orthotic

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
July 17, 2019
Category: skin conditions
Tags: calluses   orthotic  

Calluses are layers of rough and flaky skin on the feet that can cause pain and discomfort. The condition may arise due to constant friction against hard surfaces or persistent application of pressure on the same areas.

In early stages, calluses can be eliminated by using pumice stone – a natural, grainy substance that is made from volcanic rock and used to rub off hardened dead skin.

Use of moisturizing creams after pumicing helps to soften the skin and protect it from hardening again. It is recommended to wear socks so that the moisturizer stays on your feet for a longer duration.

Nevertheless, if your pain lingers and your condition does not improve, the following measures may be discussed with a specialist to treat your calluses:

  • A procedure may be carried out in which the dead skin is cut and removed with a special tool. It is designed to remove the calluses without harming any healthy layers of your skin.
  • An acid patch softens the skin before removing the calluses; it contains salicylic acid that helps to rub off the hard skin. However, it is not to be used without prior consultation from a medical professional, especially by patients with diabetes.
  • Podiatrists recommend using customized orthotic inserts that help reduce pressure on specific areas of your feet and subsequently decrease the chances of developing calluses.

If you are suffering from hard and abrasive calluses on your feet, it is best to seek proper treatment from our podiatrist, Dr. Joseph Stuto at Joseph Stuto, DPM.

Our board-certified podiatrist specializes in treating a range of foot and ankle problems including fungal toenails, arthritis, skin infections, sports injuries, sprains and fractures, muscle and joint pain, structural deformities and more. Our offices are located in Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537 and Brooklyn (718) 567-1403. Feel free to contact us, so our team can guide you and provide further information regarding effective foot and ankle-related issues.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
June 05, 2019
Category: footwear

High heels are viewed as the epitome of style, elegance, and grandeur by most women. However, what they don’t realize is the amount of damage they expose their feet to when wearing such shoes.

Here we will highlight some harms of high heels:

  • Wearing high heels shifts the weight of the entire body onto the balls of the feet. Due to excessive stress, they become prone to swelling and pain. One cause for this condition is sesamoiditis.
  • Heels with restrictive toe space end up cramming the toes together, leading to the development of bunions and hammertoes.
  • Extended periods of wearing high heels could damage your Achilles tendon by shortening it. This causes extra stress on leg muscles as they become overly stretched and can make walking excruciatingly painful.
  • A slight imbalance or unexpected trip could lead to painful sprains and even bone fractures.

Luckily, you can still wear these beauties if you adopt a few precautionary measures:

  • Shorten the heel size: wearing a two-inch heel instead of a four or six significantly minimizes your exposure to falls and trips.
  • Avoid stick-thin heel types: broader heel types like “wedges” distribute weight more evenly on your feet and save them from excessive stress. 
  • Use shoe inserts: pads and orthotic inserts are helpful in providing support and relief to your foot’s pressure points.
  • Wear high heels for shorter durations: If you have a busy day that will keep you up and about on your toes, it is better to avoid wearing heels on such days. Switching between heels and flats also eases the stress on your feet.
  • Flexing your ankles and feet, along with mild exercises, is good for the overall health of your feet.

In case of any discomfort or pain in your feet, we at Joseph Stuto, DPM, suggest that you consult a podiatrist right away. Call us at our offices conveniently located in Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537 and Brooklyn (718) 567-1403 to schedule an appointment with our board-certified podiatrist Dr. Joseph Stuto for a thorough examination, treatment, and relief.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
February 12, 2019
Category: footwear, exercise

Exercising is an exhilarating activity – not only does it help you get in better shape, but it also makes you feel liberated and has a positive effect on your mood too.

However, these lively feelings can disappear and instead turn into unhappy experiences if you do not make the right choices before starting your exercise plan. Here are some of the most common reasons why people end up giving up their exercise routines:

Choosing the wrong footwear: Most of the time, new starters are unaware of the right kind of shoes to wear for their routines. These days, there are specific shoes for every activity that are designed to keep your feet comfortable throughout the process. People who have certain foot conditions, for example bunions or toe related issues, need to take extra precautions. They should consult a podiatrist before joining such programs because they might need orthotic support.

Choosing the wrong exercise program: Exercise enthusiasts tend to overdo or overexert, thinking they will get in shape faster that way. This is a wrong approach as your body needs time to get accustomed to the amount of exertion you put it through. High-intensity programs, especially after long periods of inactivity, cause more harm than benefit to your body. You need to start with a slower routine and then move up gradually.

Injuring yourself: People become too eager and push themselves too hard, or they just jump into the routine without warming up and stretching, or their posture is incorrect. All these could end up in an injury that could disrupt your exercise plan. In worse cases, one could suffer from Achilles tendonitis, ankle sprains or even fractures.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM we suggest you get an appointment with our foot experts at our offices in Brooklyn (718) 567-1403 and Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537, New York before you start your exercise plan. If you have started to feel the slightest bit of discomfort or pain in your feet and ankles, feel free to contact us at any of our office numbers listed above. Our board-certified podiatrist Dr. Joseph Stuto, DPM can help and guide you to recovery with any of your foot and ankle problems. For more information, you can browse through our extensive library on topics that best interest you.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
July 25, 2018
Category: foot conditions
Tags: walking   feet   pain   orthotic   overpronation  

Are your feet beginning to look misaligned or disfigured? Do they burn when you walk? Are your hips and back always in pain? No matter how old you are, or what you do regularly it is still estimated that about 45% of people have a foot disorder that not many have heard of. This foot disorder is widely known in the podiatry world as misaligned feet.

What Are Misaligned Feet?

Have you ever noticed that your feet behave differently when you walk? If your feet roll inward when you walk, this could be a sign of misaligned feet. More specifically, when the feet roll inward when walking, this is called overpronation or hyper-pronation. When your feet are properly aligned, your ankle bone sits in the right spot which is directly on top of your heel bone. The front edge of the ankle bone sits slightly overlapping the heel bone and allows for a natural amount of space to occur. This space is called the sinus tarsi.

When your feet are misaligned, the ankle bone doesn’t work properly. Instead, it slips off of the heel bone. The slipping causes the sinus tarsi to collapse which allows the feet to roll inward, eliminating the naturally occurring gap.

How Misaligned Feet Affect You

The average person takes up to 10,000 steps a day if, not more. That means you are constantly on your feet. If you are walking a lot and your body is misaligned, your body ends up being forced to make up for its positioning by putting extra strain and pressure on your ankles, knees, hips and back. This can lead to excessive and chronic pain. Not only does this really hurt, but it can also keep you from your everyday tasks.

What Can You Do About Misaligned Feet?

There are many treatment options available for those who suffer from misaligned feet. One such treatment is the use of orthotic devices. These devices are custom-made for your foot and can help to make up for any deformity you may be dealing with. They are inserted into the shoe and generally you cannot notice them. The most obvious sign that you are wearing them is that your pain is eliminated.

Another option is surgery of the foot. There are multiple kinds of surgery that are available due to technological advances. Many newer surgery practices are minimally invasive and require less downtime than the traditional procedures. Before choosing surgery as an option, it is important to consult a podiatrist. Our office can help make your consultation easy and worry-free. Call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto can help you treat your misaligned feet. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
May 30, 2018
Category: foot conditions
Tags: hammertoes   calluses   corns   podiatrist   metatarsal bone   x-ray   shoes   orthotic  

If you have been experiencing some discomfort in your feet, it isn’t unnatural for you to get curious and take a look down at your toes. What is it that is causing the discomfort? Can I remove something to make it better? If you look down and notice that your second toe, also known as your pointer toe, is longer than your other toes, including your big toe, this could be a sign of a more complicated foot problem known as Morton’s toe.

Morton’s toe is a condition in which the pointer toe is longer than the other toes. Specifically, it is a condition in which the second metatarsal bone in the foot is elongated more than usual. This condition can often be diagnosed via x-ray in the office of a podiatrist.

What Impact Does This Have?

Morton’s toe has an impact on our daily biomechanics. This is because the pressure that is put on our feet is transferred differently in a Morton’s toe. Whenever pressure is added or shifts, the foot is more likely to endure foot pain and improper biomechanics.

Morton’s toe can also have an impact on the shoes that we choose. A shoe is most often crafted with the intention of the big toe being the longest toe. That means most shoes do not accommodate enough space for a foot with an elongated second toe, so a Morton’s toe is more likely to jam into the shoes of the sufferer. Jamming the toe can cause corns, calluses, hammertoes, nailbed problems and sprains or fractures.

Avoiding the Pain

The best way to avoid pain and find relief is to seek the help of a podiatrist. They are trained in the dealings of Morton’s toe and can help you find a good treatment option for your specific case. While biding your time for your appointment, you can try some of these simple tactics to lessen pain and suffering:

  1. Buy shoes that are bigger and can accommodate the longest toe.
  2. Try an orthotic or splint inside the shoe to reduce rubbing and jamming.
  3. Splint the toes so that they do not suffer deformity from trauma.

If you are suffering from a Morton’s toe, contact our office immediately. We can help you find a treatment option that is right for you. Call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto can help get you on the right path to treat your feet. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today.