Podiatrist Blog

Posts for tag: muscles

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
July 12, 2018
Tags: muscles   podiatrist   pain   cramp  

When you are minding your own business and then suddenly you are inflicted with a leg cramp, the pain can be overwhelming and make you stop in your tracks. Leg cramps can occur for numerous reasons, but if you already have Peripheral Vascular Disease then your leg cramps may be due to your underlying condition.

Peripheral Vascular Disease is a condition that encompasses any disease or disorder of the circulatory system that occurs outside of the brain or the heart. Not every case is the same or presents the same symptoms. Some cases can cause blockages in the arteries while other cases can cause the hardening of the arteries which, in turn, causes a person to experience leg and foot cramps.

Generally, leg cramps can be caused by the decrease of blood flow in the legs and be feet. Although the muscles do not actually contract during this type of cramp, the sensation of the cramp can come about during activity and lessen with rest

The cramping is caused by the hardening and narrowing of the arteries in the body. This restricts the amount of blood that is working its way to the leg muscles and can cause pain. The muscles need more blood during activity and this is why the pain is usually onset during activities. When a person is at rest, the muscles need less blood and so the pain subsides.

Not sure if you have peripheral vascular disease? The main symptom of the disease is the tightening of the foot or leg with accompanied pain. It usually occurs during exercise and worsens with more activity. Other symptoms of peripheral vascular disease are tingling, numbness, cold skin, hair loss and abnormal toenail growth. Sometimes the feet will turn very pale when lowered, but color will improve when elevated.

If you have cramping sensations in your legs and feet, it may be due to peripheral vascular disease. In order to diagnose this condition, it is important to see a podiatrist. Call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto can help you get to the bottom of your foot and leg cramps. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
July 13, 2017
Category: Foot Facts
Tags: muscles   tendons   ligaments   Achilles Tendon  

Your feet are connected by a network of complex parts. Muscles, tendons, and ligaments are part of this network and help your feet support your joints and foot bones. In total, there are 20 muscles in the foot that give it its shape. These muscles expand and contract when you move. Without them your foot would be useless.

What types of Muscles are there?

  • Anterior Tibial – These muscles allow the foot to move upward.
  • Posterior Tibial – These muscles support the arch.
  • Peroneal Tibial – This muscle type is found on the outer ankle and allows it to move with control.
  • Extensions – These muscles help the toes and ankles raise to take steps.
  • Flexors – These muscles stabilize the toes on the ground.

Small muscles allow the toes to lift and curl while the larger muscles work to give stability and move the foot while walking.

Tendons connect muscles to bones and joints. The Achilles Tendon is the largest and strongest of all the tendons in the feet. This tendon allows for running, jumping, and walking up stairs. It runs from the calf all the way down to the back of the foot and ankle. 

Ligaments hold the tendons in place and stabilize the joints. The longest ligament in the foot is the Plantar Fascia. The Plantar Fascia is the ligament that forms your main arch, also known as the plantar’s arch. The Plantar Fascia allows the arch to curve when it stretches and contracts, which is very useful while walking and moving.

Medial Ligaments (inside ligaments) and lateral ligaments (outside ligaments) improve the stability of the body and feet and enable the foot to move up and down.

Muscles, tendons, and ligaments are a very important part of our foot. Without them, we would not be able to move with our feet. Although we try to be careful, sometimes these muscles, tendons, and ligaments are injured during sports, from an illness, or due to other reasons entirely. It is important to see a podiatrist right away if you suspect that you have injured your muscles, tendons, or ligaments.

Call 718-624-7537 or make an appointment online today. At Joseph Stuto, DPM located in Brooklyn, New York, Dr. Joseph Stuto will examine, diagnose and treat any foot and ankle issue that you may have. Do not wait until it is too late. Your foot and ankle health is important to us.