Podiatrist Blog

Posts for tag: flat feet

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
December 11, 2018
Category: foot deformities
Tags: flat feet   Bunions   arthritis   neuromas  

For people with foot and ankle problems, picking out the right shoe can be quite a challenge. The importance of picking the right pair of shoes does not only complements outfits and helps you stay relaxed, but also helps you keep optimal foot health. Not selecting the right shoe or continuing to wear ill-fitted shoes can lead to one of the most common foot conditions called bunions. Poor shoe choice can cause a bony lump to form on the side of the big toe joint.

For all those people who have foot disorders, especially bunions, there is a multitude of ways to safeguard and guarantee protection for their feet. One such way to prevent bunions from worsening is to opt for shoes that best suit you.

Here are some of the qualities to look out for:

  • Wear shoes that have wide or rounded toe boxes. This helps avoid cramping of your toes and prevents any unnecessary pressure on the foot joint.
  • Buy shoes that are designed with flexible or stretchy materials. The flexible canvas allows the shoe to move around the bunion as you walk.
  • You may have to go up a shoe size or more to prevent the bunions from getting worse and help relieve pain.

If you suspect any early bunion formation or are experiencing any foot pain, it is always best to consult a podiatrist for the best solutions. The sooner you spot a problem, the easier it is to treat.

Our board-certified podiatrist, Dr. Joseph C. Stuto of Joseph Stuto, DPM, specializes in various podiatry subspecialties. Whether you have arthritis, sprains, bunions, flat feet, fungal infections, diabetic foot, neuromas, heel spurs or warts, our experienced podiatrist can help defeat all your foot and ankle problems and maintain optimal foot health. You can visit our extensive patient library to learn more about topics that interest you. Call (718) 624-7537 and schedule an appointment.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 30, 2018
Category: foot deformities

What allows the body to carry and distribute weight efficiently? The answer lies in the arches of our feet. Arches exist for good reason. They not only act as shock absorbers but also help our feet adapt to uneven surfaces by evenly distributing weight throughout our feet. Flat feet (pes planus) is a common foot deformity where the foot appears to have a very low or no arch.

People are more likely to develop flat feet if they have suffered severe trauma to the feet. For example, a motorbike accident or a serious sports injury can cause the arches to fall. Many medical experts believe that flat feet are inherited. It can pass on from parents to children in the genes. In some cases, this condition occurs over time due to aging, obesity, diabetes, pregnancy (hormonal changes in the body), and arthritis.

Early diagnosis and the right treatment can give you relief and prevent further complications. Here are some key things that can help your flat feet.

  • Orthotics: Slide those orthotics insoles into your shoes to relieve you of foot pain by providing much-needed arch support. Custom-made orthotics are specific to your feet and may be used to relieve stress on the arch and minimize pain if the feet roll too far inward. It is important to note that these measures will treat only the symptoms such as reducing your pain and helping you walk more comfortably.
  • Well-fitted shoes: If your flat feet are causing you a certain level of discomfort, then it is best to wear shoes that best provide relief. Wear supportive and well-fitted shoes to help your flat feet find relief.
  • Exercise and stretching: People who tend to have flat feet should follow strict programs aimed at strengthening foot and ankle muscles. Exercises may involve picking up marbles with your toes. A good stretch can also help alleviate the flattening effect. In order to get a good stretch, one may practice different yoga positions.
  • Maintain ideal body weight. People who are obese and overweight are more likely to develop flat feet. Increasing weight can tear the tibial tendon which can cause the arches to fall. Losing weight can help reduce the pressure and pain.

If you are experiencing any pain from flat feet, it is important to schedule a consultation with a podiatrist to fully assess the situation.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM, our team of doctors can help you diagnose and treat a variety of foot and ankle conditions including flat feet. Our podiatrists Dr. Joseph C. Stuto and Dr. Joseph A. Stuto provide top quality foot and ankle care to our patients. For more information you can visit our website or schedule an appointment by calling (718) 624-7537.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
June 06, 2018
Category: foot pain

Getting a diagnosis of metatarsalgia can be very nerve-wracking and confusing. Not only does it describe a group of symptoms, but it can leave you with more questions than you started your appointment with. Metatarsalgia is actually a group of symptoms that affect the feet. People diagnosed with this condition usually show signs of pain, swelling and inflammation of the foot. There are many different things that can contribute to this condition and some of them are due to lifestyle habits and underlying conditions. Here are three of the most common scenarios and a breakdown of why they cause this pain.

Stress Fractures - when a stress fracture occurs in the toe or metatarsal bones, pain is often immediate. This pain causes a person to change their gait to accommodate the injury. This gait change causes excess pressure to build up on the back of the foot and cause the swelling, inflammation and pain known with this condition. Stress fractures often occur in athletes or individuals who endure large amounts of pressure and stress for long periods of time. This is why it is common to see athletes with these injuries.

Your Foot Shape is Affecting You - if you have high arches or flat feet, then it is likely that you will be dealing with these symptoms at least once in your life. High-arched feet sometimes have longer metatarsal bones which cause more pressure on the forefoot. This pressure can cause inflammation and swelling in that area.

Inflammatory Disorders - conditions such as gout and arthritis are known to cause inflammation. This can cause pain in the bottom of the foot and lead to this diagnosis.

Other contributors

Sometimes a combination of the factors listed above can cause metatarsalgia. In order to determine whether or not this is the case for you, it is important to see a podiatrist to get a proper diagnosis. Not only can they diagnose your condition, but they can also help you treat the symptoms.

Don’t have a podiatrist? Call us today. Call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto can help get to the bottom of your bottom foot pain. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
May 21, 2018
Category: foot care tips
Tags: flat feet   orthotics  

When it comes to the world of orthotics, it can be very confusing to pick one that is right for you. Stores boast all types of inserts for the shoe that make promises of painless walks and quick relief. Usually, a store-bought orthotic is not as effective as a custom-made or prescribed orthotic. You can get an orthotic from your podiatrist. At an appointment, your podiatrist can take a mold of your feet and make an orthotic especially for you. This not only ensures effectiveness, but it also addresses the needs your foot presents which are tailored to your experiences.

There are three main types of orthotics:

  • Soft
  • Semirigid
  • Rigid

Each device has its own function. Some are better suited for individuals with arch problems while others are appropriate for individuals with a foot deformity or chronic fatigue. 

Soft Devices

A soft orthotics’ purpose is to provide cushion, decrease force, evenly distribute pressure and improve shock on the foot. This type of device is especially helpful for a foot that is rigid. It does not give a lot of support to the overall foot but focuses mainly on injury prevention.

Semirigid Devices

Semirigid orthotics help to control or balance a poorly-aligned foot. They also give flexibility and shock absorption to the foot. This type of orthotic is the one most commonly prescribed in the world of podiatry. People with flat feet usually benefit the most from this type of orthotic. 

Rigid Devices

Rigid orthotics help to control movement that is not wanted or needed. They are not flexible and offer no shock absorption or cushioning. This kind of device is often used in patients who have poor control of their feet and have a higher risk of injuring themselves. 

Proper footwear and orthotics have a great effect on the foot. Not only do they provide support, cushion and comfort when necessary, but they also serve as a level of protection for the foot. Properly fitted shoes and custom orthotics can help prevent hundreds of foot and ankle injuries every year. 

If you suffer from pain when you are walking, consider visiting the podiatrist and discussing the option of orthotics. If you don’t have a podiatrist, try calling Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto can help to get you a custom-fit orthotic for your foot. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
July 25, 2017
Category: foot conditions

When you see a foot you typically also see its arch. The arch is the area of the foot that curves upwards. The arch is made up of tendons. These tendons help form the shape of your foot and attach the heel and footbones.

When you walk and use your feet your arch tends to become more prominent. Sometimes though a foot can have no arch. This instance is called a Fallen Arch or Flat Feet.

How to Test for Fallen Arch

  1. Wet your feet. Make sure you aren’t wearing any socks and your feet are bare.
  2. Step onto a surface that will leave obvious wet footprints. Concrete and pavement tend to be good options.
  3. Look at the footprint that was made. If the entire foot has a print, then it is likely you have Fallen Arches. If only the heel and the forefoot have a print, you probably have a relatively normal arch.


There are many different factors that can cause someone to have Fallen Arches. Sometimes there can be one singular reason and other times there can be a combination of reasons. Some of the reasons are:


Not everyone is bothered by their Fallen Arches. Some cases are mild while others can be extreme. If you feel any of the following symptoms, it would be beneficial to contact an office of podiatry such as Joseph Stuto, DPM in Brooklyn, New York. Dr. Joseph Stuto will examine your feet to help you determine if your arches have fallen.

  • Tired feet
  • Back leg pain
  • Tendency to stand on toes
  • Swollen bottom of the foot
  • Pained feet


In today’s age, there are many different treatment options for flat feet. Orthotics, proper fitting footwear, surgery, stretches, physical therapy, and other options are all widely available. In order to figure out the best treatment for you call Dr. Stuto today at 718-624-7537 or make an appointment online. After all, your feet come first.