Podiatrist Blog

Posts for tag: feet

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
July 25, 2018
Category: foot conditions
Tags: walking   feet   pain   orthotic   overpronation  

Are your feet beginning to look misaligned or disfigured? Do they burn when you walk? Are your hips and back always in pain? No matter how old you are, or what you do regularly it is still estimated that about 45% of people have a foot disorder that not many have heard of. This foot disorder is widely known in the podiatry world as misaligned feet.

What Are Misaligned Feet?

Have you ever noticed that your feet behave differently when you walk? If your feet roll inward when you walk, this could be a sign of misaligned feet. More specifically, when the feet roll inward when walking, this is called overpronation or hyper-pronation. When your feet are properly aligned, your ankle bone sits in the right spot which is directly on top of your heel bone. The front edge of the ankle bone sits slightly overlapping the heel bone and allows for a natural amount of space to occur. This space is called the sinus tarsi.

When your feet are misaligned, the ankle bone doesn’t work properly. Instead, it slips off of the heel bone. The slipping causes the sinus tarsi to collapse which allows the feet to roll inward, eliminating the naturally occurring gap.

How Misaligned Feet Affect You

The average person takes up to 10,000 steps a day if, not more. That means you are constantly on your feet. If you are walking a lot and your body is misaligned, your body ends up being forced to make up for its positioning by putting extra strain and pressure on your ankles, knees, hips and back. This can lead to excessive and chronic pain. Not only does this really hurt, but it can also keep you from your everyday tasks.

What Can You Do About Misaligned Feet?

There are many treatment options available for those who suffer from misaligned feet. One such treatment is the use of orthotic devices. These devices are custom-made for your foot and can help to make up for any deformity you may be dealing with. They are inserted into the shoe and generally you cannot notice them. The most obvious sign that you are wearing them is that your pain is eliminated.

Another option is surgery of the foot. There are multiple kinds of surgery that are available due to technological advances. Many newer surgery practices are minimally invasive and require less downtime than the traditional procedures. Before choosing surgery as an option, it is important to consult a podiatrist. Our office can help make your consultation easy and worry-free. Call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto can help you treat your misaligned feet. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
February 08, 2018
Category: Foot Care
Tags: blisters   feet   frostbite   footwear   waterproof   fungus  

During the winter, it can sometimes be a challenge to get outdoors and exercise. Although it is not impossible, it is important to take the proper precautions before getting out into the frigid winter weather. Having the proper gear and knowing how to keep your feet dry and warm is key when snowshoeing, hiking, or taking part in any other winter sports. If you neglect the care of your feet in winter, they can suffer from frostbite or hypothermia.

Waterproof or Water-Resistant Shoes and Footwear

If you are going to be hiking in snow, you don't want to wear shoes or boots that can easily allow water and moisture in. Look for footwear marked waterproof or water resistant. In general, shoes that have a rubber coating or a synthetic waterproof coating usually work well to block out moisture. Pair them with dry-fit socks for the best performance possible.

Warm, Waterproof or Layered Socks

In the winter you typically want to wear warmer. If you do not have a lot of warm socks, doubling up your thinner socks can be a great way to keep your feet dry. Also, invest in dry-fit socks as they help wick away extra moisture in a shoe. Excess moisture leads to fungus, frostbite, and blisters.

Boots with Insulation

Unlike a standard boot, winter boots have an extra layer of insulation built into them. Insulated boots are designed to keep your feet dry and warm. Many boots have a tag that references the level of insulation they support. In some of the higher end boots, insulation levels can warm feet in weather conditions as low as -30 degrees Fahrenheit.

Gaiters

Waterproof or water-resistant gaiters help keep your feet dry by stopping snow and water from getting into your boots and soaking your socks. This is especially important when walking through deep snow. Gaiters work well if you don't want to wear snow pants but need an extra layer to keep your feet and lower legs dry.

It can be very enjoyable to partake in winter activities, but it is imperative that you do so in a safe manner. Protect your feet from the cold and harsh weather and prevent serious injuries and disorders such as frostbite. If you have numb feet, blackening skin or any other signs of frostbite after being out in the cold, wet winter, call  Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There podiatrists Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto will examine your feet and determine whether or not your feet are suffering from different cold weather disorders. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
January 31, 2018
Category: foot conditions
Tags: feet   cancer   Kaposi Sarcoma   lesions   podiatrist  

Whenever we find a bump or lump on our body that isn’t supposed to be there, it can be nerve-wracking. In some cases, these bumps appear on our feet. Warts and blisters can be harmless types of lumps, but in other cases, bumps can also be something more severe, such as cancer. Although it is not highly common, Kaposi sarcoma is a form of cancer that affects the feet and can cause suspicious bumps on the foot.

What Is Kaposi Sarcoma?

Kaposi sarcoma is cancer that develops from the cells that line lymph or blood vessels. It usually appears as tumors on the skin or in the mouth, but tumors can also develop in other parts of the body, such as in the feet, lymph nodes, lungs, or digestive tract.

The abnormal cells of Kaposi sarcoma form purple, red, or brown marks or tumors on the soles of the feet. These affected areas are called lesions. The skin lesions of Kaposi sarcoma most often appear on the legs or face. These may cause the legs and feet to swell painfully and make it hard to walk or stay mobile.

Kaposi sarcoma can cause serious problems or even become life-threatening when the lesions are in the lungs, liver, or digestive tract. If you see signs of the disease on your feet, then you should see a podiatrist right away to check to see if the disease has spread throughout other parts of the body, or is exclusively on the feet.

The most common type of Kaposi sarcoma in the United States is epidemic or AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma. Another type occurs mainly in the elderly population due to their naturally weakened immune system. Most of these elderly people are of Mediterranean, Eastern European, and Middle Eastern heritage. Classic Kaposi sarcoma is more common in men than in women. Patients typically have one or more lesions on the legs, ankles, or the soles of the feet. Compared to other types of Kaposi sarcoma, the lesions in this type do not grow as quickly, and new lesions do not develop as often.

Do you have red lesions cropping up on the soles of your feet? Are they painful to the touch or to walk on? It is time to see your podiatrist for a complete examination to rule out any other possible causes. Call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto will examine your feet and test for any underlying conditions that may be causing your foot and ankle issues. If you do test positive for Kaposi sarcoma, they will discuss treatment options that are best for you. Call 718-624-7537 and make an appointment today. Act before a small problem becomes a big one.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
January 17, 2018
Category: foot fungus
Tags: Athlete's Foot   blisters   Tineas Pedis   feet   disorder   shoe   flip flops  

When you are on your feet all day, it is hard to remember to take a break. Eventually, all of the wear and tear will build up and your feet can suffer from it. Not only can overuse be bad for your feet, but it can also cause them to sweat and stay damp during activities. Most people don’t think about changing their socks and shoes until they get home, but after a nasty case of tineas pedis, they may change their mind.

Tineas pedis is the medical name for what is commonly known as athlete’s foot. This itchy disorder affects the soles of the feet and areas between the toes. It is also known to spread to the palms of your hands, your groin, and your underarms. This will only occur if you touch the affected feet and then touch another body part without washing.

Not only is this an aggravating condition for athletes, but it also affects anyone else who consistently stays in damp or sweaty socks and shoes. The fungus that causes the condition thrives in warm and moist environments such as the shoe.

Symptoms:

  • itching
  • burning
  • redness
  • stinging
  • flaking of skin
  • peeling
  • blisters
  • cracking

How to Prevent Athlete's Foot

Athlete's foot is very contagious. It is usually spread in moist areas like public showers or pools. To prevent the condition, dry your feet very well, including the spaces in between your toes. Also, using a clean towel is key as the fungus can spread from contact with a surface. It may also be a good idea to invest in a pair of waterproof shoes to use while using a public shower. Water shoes or flip flops are a good choice.

Keeping your feet dry is also a great way to avoid athletes foot. Don’t choose socks that lock in moisture or make your feet hot and sweaty. If you find your feet becoming sweaty during the day, it is important to bring a pair of spare socks and shoes to change into while the other set dries. Due to modern technology, you can find dry-fit socks that will help prevent moisture from welling up in your socks and shoes. Also look into well-ventilated sneakers for best results.

Are your feet dry and cracked? Do they burn or blister? You could be suffering from athlete’s foot or another of the tineas disorders. Call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There podiatrists Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto will help treat your itchy, burning feet. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today. After all, athlete’s foot isn’t just for athletes.