Podiatrist Blog

Posts for tag: arthritis

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
December 11, 2018
Category: foot deformities
Tags: flat feet   Bunions   arthritis   neuromas  

For people with foot and ankle problems, picking out the right shoe can be quite a challenge. The importance of picking the right pair of shoes does not only complements outfits and helps you stay relaxed, but also helps you keep optimal foot health. Not selecting the right shoe or continuing to wear ill-fitted shoes can lead to one of the most common foot conditions called bunions. Poor shoe choice can cause a bony lump to form on the side of the big toe joint.

For all those people who have foot disorders, especially bunions, there is a multitude of ways to safeguard and guarantee protection for their feet. One such way to prevent bunions from worsening is to opt for shoes that best suit you.

Here are some of the qualities to look out for:

  • Wear shoes that have wide or rounded toe boxes. This helps avoid cramping of your toes and prevents any unnecessary pressure on the foot joint.
  • Buy shoes that are designed with flexible or stretchy materials. The flexible canvas allows the shoe to move around the bunion as you walk.
  • You may have to go up a shoe size or more to prevent the bunions from getting worse and help relieve pain.

If you suspect any early bunion formation or are experiencing any foot pain, it is always best to consult a podiatrist for the best solutions. The sooner you spot a problem, the easier it is to treat.

Our board-certified podiatrist, Dr. Joseph C. Stuto of Joseph Stuto, DPM, specializes in various podiatry subspecialties. Whether you have arthritis, sprains, bunions, flat feet, fungal infections, diabetic foot, neuromas, heel spurs or warts, our experienced podiatrist can help defeat all your foot and ankle problems and maintain optimal foot health. You can visit our extensive patient library to learn more about topics that interest you. Call (718) 624-7537 and schedule an appointment.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
December 05, 2018
Category: Ankle pain

Ankle pain can cause major disruption to your day-to-day activities. Arthritis, injury to the Achilles tendon, and several other conditions may cause chronic ankle pain. The first step, however, is to initiate the RICE protocol (Rice, Ice, Compression, and Elevation). If the pain persists for a day or two, you may require the assistance of your foot care specialist for proper care.

Here are several factors and conditions that may trigger ankle pain:

  • Sprained ankle—The rolling and twisting of your ankle in an unnatural way can trigger an ankle sprain to occur. This can stretch and tear the tissues (ligaments) that hold your ankle bones together. Proper diagnosis and prompt treatment can help prevent future ankle problems while ensuring the best possible recovery.
  • Achilles tendon tear—Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body that connects the heel bone to the calf muscle. It allows you to walk, run, and jump comfortably. However, repetitive stress can partially or completely tear this tendon causing severe pain and discomfort in the ankle.
  • Arthritic conditions—Arthritis and related conditions affect the joints of the feet and ankles causing severe pain, swelling and stiffness. Exercise or physical therapy can help ease the pain and swelling.

If you suspect that your ankle is not healing properly, seek advice or treatment from a foot doctor.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM we treat a multitude of foot and ankle conditions such as flat feet, warts, toe deformities, bunions, fungal infections, sports injury, and arthritis. Our committed and highly-qualified podiatrists Dr. Joseph C. Stuto and Dr. Joseph A. Stuto can help pinpoint the exact cause of your ankle pain and devise a treatment plan that showcases the best outcomes. Call or visit us at our two convenient locations in Brooklyn: (718) 624-7537 (Brooklyn Heights) or (718) 567-1403 (Brooklyn). 

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 30, 2018
Category: foot deformities

What allows the body to carry and distribute weight efficiently? The answer lies in the arches of our feet. Arches exist for good reason. They not only act as shock absorbers but also help our feet adapt to uneven surfaces by evenly distributing weight throughout our feet. Flat feet (pes planus) is a common foot deformity where the foot appears to have a very low or no arch.

People are more likely to develop flat feet if they have suffered severe trauma to the feet. For example, a motorbike accident or a serious sports injury can cause the arches to fall. Many medical experts believe that flat feet are inherited. It can pass on from parents to children in the genes. In some cases, this condition occurs over time due to aging, obesity, diabetes, pregnancy (hormonal changes in the body), and arthritis.

Early diagnosis and the right treatment can give you relief and prevent further complications. Here are some key things that can help your flat feet.

  • Orthotics: Slide those orthotics insoles into your shoes to relieve you of foot pain by providing much-needed arch support. Custom-made orthotics are specific to your feet and may be used to relieve stress on the arch and minimize pain if the feet roll too far inward. It is important to note that these measures will treat only the symptoms such as reducing your pain and helping you walk more comfortably.
  • Well-fitted shoes: If your flat feet are causing you a certain level of discomfort, then it is best to wear shoes that best provide relief. Wear supportive and well-fitted shoes to help your flat feet find relief.
  • Exercise and stretching: People who tend to have flat feet should follow strict programs aimed at strengthening foot and ankle muscles. Exercises may involve picking up marbles with your toes. A good stretch can also help alleviate the flattening effect. In order to get a good stretch, one may practice different yoga positions.
  • Maintain ideal body weight. People who are obese and overweight are more likely to develop flat feet. Increasing weight can tear the tibial tendon which can cause the arches to fall. Losing weight can help reduce the pressure and pain.

If you are experiencing any pain from flat feet, it is important to schedule a consultation with a podiatrist to fully assess the situation.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM, our team of doctors can help you diagnose and treat a variety of foot and ankle conditions including flat feet. Our podiatrists Dr. Joseph C. Stuto and Dr. Joseph A. Stuto provide top quality foot and ankle care to our patients. For more information you can visit our website or schedule an appointment by calling (718) 624-7537.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 03, 2018
Tags: Bunions   arthritis  

Bunions are one of the most common foot disorders. They can be quite unattractive and bothersome if left untreated. It’s a large bony bump that forms on the side of your big toe joint. Bunions develop over time. The pressure exerted on the big toe joint causes misalignment of the big toe. The misalignment causes the big toe to lean toward the next big toe.

This deformity is found to be more common in women as they wear shoes that have narrow toe boxes that overlap or squeezes the toes together. This overlapping can cause severe pain, redness and inflammation on the sides of the big toe. Other factors that might increase the risk of bunion formation include abnormal bone structure (hereditary), arthritis or trauma.

To minimize your chances of developing bunions, it is essential that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist. A timely check and a proper diagnosis can help treat bunions more effectively.

Here are some early treatment measures to help you get on the road to recovery:

  • One of the most effective ways to treat early bunions is foot comfort. Wear shoes that have soft soles (leather), broad toe space and wide insteps. Proper footwear can help reduce pressure over the bunion. Avoid wearing tight-fitted shoes, especially those ultra-heels and narrow-toed shoes.
  • You may use protective pads to help cushion the bunion. This should relieve pressure on the affected area.
  • You may take proper medication as prescribed by a certified podiatrist to get relief from the pain and swelling caused by bunions.
  • Apply ice on the affected areas several times a day to help reduce swelling.
  • If the above treatments do not improve the state of your bunions, it’s may be time to discuss surgery.

If you notice any early symptoms of bunions, consult your podiatrist for evaluation and treatment options. At Joseph Stuto, DPM we can help provide the best podiatric care and treatment for all your foot and ankle needs. Our foot doctors Dr. Joseph C. Stuto and Dr. Joseph A. Stuto can help you win the fight against bunions. Call us and schedule an appointment at our two convenient locations in Brooklyn: (718) 567-1403 (Brooklyn), or (718) 624-7537 (Brooklyn Heights). 

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
June 06, 2018
Category: foot pain

Getting a diagnosis of metatarsalgia can be very nerve-wracking and confusing. Not only does it describe a group of symptoms, but it can leave you with more questions than you started your appointment with. Metatarsalgia is actually a group of symptoms that affect the feet. People diagnosed with this condition usually show signs of pain, swelling and inflammation of the foot. There are many different things that can contribute to this condition and some of them are due to lifestyle habits and underlying conditions. Here are three of the most common scenarios and a breakdown of why they cause this pain.

Stress Fractures - when a stress fracture occurs in the toe or metatarsal bones, pain is often immediate. This pain causes a person to change their gait to accommodate the injury. This gait change causes excess pressure to build up on the back of the foot and cause the swelling, inflammation and pain known with this condition. Stress fractures often occur in athletes or individuals who endure large amounts of pressure and stress for long periods of time. This is why it is common to see athletes with these injuries.

Your Foot Shape is Affecting You - if you have high arches or flat feet, then it is likely that you will be dealing with these symptoms at least once in your life. High-arched feet sometimes have longer metatarsal bones which cause more pressure on the forefoot. This pressure can cause inflammation and swelling in that area.

Inflammatory Disorders - conditions such as gout and arthritis are known to cause inflammation. This can cause pain in the bottom of the foot and lead to this diagnosis.

Other contributors

Sometimes a combination of the factors listed above can cause metatarsalgia. In order to determine whether or not this is the case for you, it is important to see a podiatrist to get a proper diagnosis. Not only can they diagnose your condition, but they can also help you treat the symptoms.

Don’t have a podiatrist? Call us today. Call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto can help get to the bottom of your bottom foot pain. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today.