Podiatrist Blog

Posts for tag: Achilles Tendon

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
July 10, 2019
Category: Achilles tendon

One of the strongest yet most vulnerable tendons in your body is the Achilles tendon, which connects the heel of your foot to your calf. While it enables you to indulge in walking, running, trekking and similar activities, if injured this tendon can severely handicap your ability to move.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM the two most frequent tendon conditions that we encounter are:

Achilles Tendonitis:

  • This is when the tendon suffers from inflammation due to excessive and persistent stress.
  • Engaging in an intensive work out after an extended duration of idleness or overexerting without taking a break can trigger the onset of this condition.
  • Lack of rest and care can worsen the condition as the injured tissue may not be able to repair and revert to its normal state.
  • Ongoing stress can cause deterioration and, with time, it could turn into Achilles tendonosis.

Achilles Tendonosis:

  • This is a degenerative condition that results from repeated microtrauma.
  • The tendon’s structure is adversely affected as its shape is altered, and it may lose its hold especially near the heel area.
  • The tendon becomes weak, stiff, and painful with likely occurrence of edema.
  • Without treatment, continuous overuse could also rupture the tendon which usually requires surgery.

Treatment for these conditions varies based on the duration and amount of damage inflicted on the tendon. Ice application, temporary immobilization, and anti-inflammatory medication can resolve the issue; however, it is advised to consult your foot doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Our board-certified podiatrist Dr. Joseph Stuto is highly experienced in treating disorders related to the Achilles tendon and other foot health issues. Depending on your condition, they may recommend physical therapy including strengthening exercises, compression and stretching routines to ease the tendons and restore their functioning. For more information, you may contact our offices located in Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537 and Brooklyn (718) 567-1403.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
June 05, 2019
Category: footwear

High heels are viewed as the epitome of style, elegance, and grandeur by most women. However, what they don’t realize is the amount of damage they expose their feet to when wearing such shoes.

Here we will highlight some harms of high heels:

  • Wearing high heels shifts the weight of the entire body onto the balls of the feet. Due to excessive stress, they become prone to swelling and pain. One cause for this condition is sesamoiditis.
  • Heels with restrictive toe space end up cramming the toes together, leading to the development of bunions and hammertoes.
  • Extended periods of wearing high heels could damage your Achilles tendon by shortening it. This causes extra stress on leg muscles as they become overly stretched and can make walking excruciatingly painful.
  • A slight imbalance or unexpected trip could lead to painful sprains and even bone fractures.

Luckily, you can still wear these beauties if you adopt a few precautionary measures:

  • Shorten the heel size: wearing a two-inch heel instead of a four or six significantly minimizes your exposure to falls and trips.
  • Avoid stick-thin heel types: broader heel types like “wedges” distribute weight more evenly on your feet and save them from excessive stress. 
  • Use shoe inserts: pads and orthotic inserts are helpful in providing support and relief to your foot’s pressure points.
  • Wear high heels for shorter durations: If you have a busy day that will keep you up and about on your toes, it is better to avoid wearing heels on such days. Switching between heels and flats also eases the stress on your feet.
  • Flexing your ankles and feet, along with mild exercises, is good for the overall health of your feet.

In case of any discomfort or pain in your feet, we at Joseph Stuto, DPM, suggest that you consult a podiatrist right away. Call us at our offices conveniently located in Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537 and Brooklyn (718) 567-1403 to schedule an appointment with our board-certified podiatrist Dr. Joseph Stuto for a thorough examination, treatment, and relief.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
April 30, 2019
Category: foot care tips

Some professions require people to be on their feet most of the time. For example, construction workers, nurses, on-field reporters and the like usually find themselves on the move for the most part of the day.

If you have a similar profession, you need to make sure that your feet are looked after in the best possible manner. At Joseph Stuto, DPM we suggest five ways to give your feet a break:

  • Be careful of your shoes: the type of shoes you choose to wear will impact the health of your feet. It is advised to opt for soft cushioned shoes that also provide arch and ankle support for your feet. Size matters as your feet should be comfortable and your walk should be stable.
  • Rest your feet: whenever you get some time off, rest your feet by elevating them. Flexing your ankles, arch and toes will help too. In case you are unable to sit down for a while, shifting your weight from one side to another will reduce extra stress from your feet.
  • Drink lots of water: standing in one position for a long duration can cause swelling or fluid retention. Staying hydrated will protect your ankles and feet from such conditions.
  • Physical activity and compression: indulging in physical activities that are less strenuous on the feet like swimming, rowing etc. will also relieve your feet from overexertion. Applying compression will improve blood circulation and speed up the healing process to repair any damaged tissues in your feet. 
  • Go to your podiatrist: common issues encountered due to excessive usage of feet include flat feet, plantar fasciitis, swelling, Achilles tendons and more. These conditions can worsen and hamper your ability to move about if not treated timely. Schedule an appointment with our board-certified podiatrist Dr. Joseph Stuto today.

Call or visit us at our two convenient office locations in Brooklyn (718) 567-1403 and Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537 in case of any pain or discomfort that you may be experiencing. Our specialists can answer your queries and lead your feet in the right direction.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
December 05, 2018
Category: Ankle pain

Ankle pain can cause major disruption to your day-to-day activities. Arthritis, injury to the Achilles tendon, and several other conditions may cause chronic ankle pain. The first step, however, is to initiate the RICE protocol (Rice, Ice, Compression, and Elevation). If the pain persists for a day or two, you may require the assistance of your foot care specialist for proper care.

Here are several factors and conditions that may trigger ankle pain:

  • Sprained ankle—The rolling and twisting of your ankle in an unnatural way can trigger an ankle sprain to occur. This can stretch and tear the tissues (ligaments) that hold your ankle bones together. Proper diagnosis and prompt treatment can help prevent future ankle problems while ensuring the best possible recovery.
  • Achilles tendon tear—Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body that connects the heel bone to the calf muscle. It allows you to walk, run, and jump comfortably. However, repetitive stress can partially or completely tear this tendon causing severe pain and discomfort in the ankle.
  • Arthritic conditions—Arthritis and related conditions affect the joints of the feet and ankles causing severe pain, swelling and stiffness. Exercise or physical therapy can help ease the pain and swelling.

If you suspect that your ankle is not healing properly, seek advice or treatment from a foot doctor.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM we treat a multitude of foot and ankle conditions such as flat feet, warts, toe deformities, bunions, fungal infections, sports injury, and arthritis. Our committed and highly-qualified podiatrists Dr. Joseph C. Stuto and Dr. Joseph A. Stuto can help pinpoint the exact cause of your ankle pain and devise a treatment plan that showcases the best outcomes. Call or visit us at our two convenient locations in Brooklyn: (718) 624-7537 (Brooklyn Heights) or (718) 567-1403 (Brooklyn). 

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
September 26, 2018
Category: foot care tips

When it comes to avoiding common foot problems, there is no better way to care for your feet than by buying shoes that fit you properly and are good for your feet. At Joseph Stuto, DPM, we see an increase in foot pain and many types of foot disorders primarily linked with poor shoe choices. If you have diabetes, your shoe choice and foot care become even more important.

To maximize foot health, here are some of the top shoe styles you may want to think twice about.

  1. Flip-Flops and Sandals: A very common and popular type of footwear especially during the summer. Many people like the freedom flip-flops and other types of sandals provide. However, they lack arch support, protection, cushioning, and shock absorption which may lead to foot pain and foot disorders such as ankle sprains, plantar fasciitis, and tendon problems.
  2. High Heels: It’s no secret that women and high heels have a love-hate relationship. They might be in style and look good on you, but high heels are notorious for causing all sorts of painful foot and ankle problems. Women who wear high heels are subject to weight and pressure on the forefoot (ball of the foot). Wearing high heels all day long can cause serious foot and ankle problems such as bunions, hammertoes, blisters, sprains, fractures and stretching of the Achilles tendon. Anytime you wear tight-fitted or pointed-toe shoes, you limit the foot’s mobility and its natural shape.
  3. Platform Shoes and Wedges: Platform shoes may not be a bad choice, but they are not without risk to your feet. They tend to have rigid footbeds which may throw off your natural walking motion. Wearing an elevated platform shoe can cause ankle instability which may result in severe ankle injuries such as sprains and hairline fractures.                                                                                  
  4. Worn-Out Shoes: Simply throw out those worn-out shoes that provide very little to no cushioning, protection and shock absorption.
  5. Sheepskin Boots: This style of footwear generally comes out of the closet when the weather changes and the temperature drops. These shoes not only keep your feet warm but are very comfortable. However, because they are often worn without moisture-wicking socks, they can provide a certain level of discomfort such as fungus build-up (athlete’s foot).

The Right Shoes to Wear

Understanding the best type of footwear that works for your feet can make a difference between good health and potential foot problems.

If you or any of your loved ones are experiencing chronic foot pain and aches, it is important to talk to a foot care professional to discuss ways to address the problem. Call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. Our podiatrists Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Dr. Joseph C. Stuto look forward to helping you with all kinds of foot and ankle problems. Choosing the correct footwear along with proper foot care should be a priority for everyone.