Podiatrist Blog

Posts for tag: Achilles Tendon

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
December 05, 2018
Category: Ankle pain

Ankle pain can cause major disruption to your day-to-day activities. Arthritis, injury to the Achilles tendon, and several other conditions may cause chronic ankle pain. The first step, however, is to initiate the RICE protocol (Rice, Ice, Compression, and Elevation). If the pain persists for a day or two, you may require the assistance of your foot care specialist for proper care.

Here are several factors and conditions that may trigger ankle pain:

  • Sprained ankle—The rolling and twisting of your ankle in an unnatural way can trigger an ankle sprain to occur. This can stretch and tear the tissues (ligaments) that hold your ankle bones together. Proper diagnosis and prompt treatment can help prevent future ankle problems while ensuring the best possible recovery.
  • Achilles tendon tear—Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body that connects the heel bone to the calf muscle. It allows you to walk, run, and jump comfortably. However, repetitive stress can partially or completely tear this tendon causing severe pain and discomfort in the ankle.
  • Arthritic conditions—Arthritis and related conditions affect the joints of the feet and ankles causing severe pain, swelling and stiffness. Exercise or physical therapy can help ease the pain and swelling.

If you suspect that your ankle is not healing properly, seek advice or treatment from a foot doctor.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM we treat a multitude of foot and ankle conditions such as flat feet, warts, toe deformities, bunions, fungal infections, sports injury, and arthritis. Our committed and highly-qualified podiatrists Dr. Joseph C. Stuto and Dr. Joseph A. Stuto can help pinpoint the exact cause of your ankle pain and devise a treatment plan that showcases the best outcomes. Call or visit us at our two convenient locations in Brooklyn: (718) 624-7537 (Brooklyn Heights) or (718) 567-1403 (Brooklyn). 

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
September 26, 2018
Category: foot care tips

When it comes to avoiding common foot problems, there is no better way to care for your feet than by buying shoes that fit you properly and are good for your feet. At Joseph Stuto, DPM, we see an increase in foot pain and many types of foot disorders primarily linked with poor shoe choices. If you have diabetes, your shoe choice and foot care become even more important.

To maximize foot health, here are some of the top shoe styles you may want to think twice about.

  1. Flip-Flops and Sandals: A very common and popular type of footwear especially during the summer. Many people like the freedom flip-flops and other types of sandals provide. However, they lack arch support, protection, cushioning, and shock absorption which may lead to foot pain and foot disorders such as ankle sprains, plantar fasciitis, and tendon problems.
  2. High Heels: It’s no secret that women and high heels have a love-hate relationship. They might be in style and look good on you, but high heels are notorious for causing all sorts of painful foot and ankle problems. Women who wear high heels are subject to weight and pressure on the forefoot (ball of the foot). Wearing high heels all day long can cause serious foot and ankle problems such as bunions, hammertoes, blisters, sprains, fractures and stretching of the Achilles tendon. Anytime you wear tight-fitted or pointed-toe shoes, you limit the foot’s mobility and its natural shape.
  3. Platform Shoes and Wedges: Platform shoes may not be a bad choice, but they are not without risk to your feet. They tend to have rigid footbeds which may throw off your natural walking motion. Wearing an elevated platform shoe can cause ankle instability which may result in severe ankle injuries such as sprains and hairline fractures.                                                                                  
  4. Worn-Out Shoes: Simply throw out those worn-out shoes that provide very little to no cushioning, protection and shock absorption.
  5. Sheepskin Boots: This style of footwear generally comes out of the closet when the weather changes and the temperature drops. These shoes not only keep your feet warm but are very comfortable. However, because they are often worn without moisture-wicking socks, they can provide a certain level of discomfort such as fungus build-up (athlete’s foot).

The Right Shoes to Wear

Understanding the best type of footwear that works for your feet can make a difference between good health and potential foot problems.

If you or any of your loved ones are experiencing chronic foot pain and aches, it is important to talk to a foot care professional to discuss ways to address the problem. Call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. Our podiatrists Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Dr. Joseph C. Stuto look forward to helping you with all kinds of foot and ankle problems. Choosing the correct footwear along with proper foot care should be a priority for everyone.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
July 13, 2017
Category: Foot Facts
Tags: muscles   tendons   ligaments   Achilles Tendon  

Your feet are connected by a network of complex parts. Muscles, tendons, and ligaments are part of this network and help your feet support your joints and foot bones. In total, there are 20 muscles in the foot that give it its shape. These muscles expand and contract when you move. Without them your foot would be useless.

What types of Muscles are there?

  • Anterior Tibial – These muscles allow the foot to move upward.
  • Posterior Tibial – These muscles support the arch.
  • Peroneal Tibial – This muscle type is found on the outer ankle and allows it to move with control.
  • Extensions – These muscles help the toes and ankles raise to take steps.
  • Flexors – These muscles stabilize the toes on the ground.

Small muscles allow the toes to lift and curl while the larger muscles work to give stability and move the foot while walking.

Tendons connect muscles to bones and joints. The Achilles Tendon is the largest and strongest of all the tendons in the feet. This tendon allows for running, jumping, and walking up stairs. It runs from the calf all the way down to the back of the foot and ankle. 

Ligaments hold the tendons in place and stabilize the joints. The longest ligament in the foot is the Plantar Fascia. The Plantar Fascia is the ligament that forms your main arch, also known as the plantar’s arch. The Plantar Fascia allows the arch to curve when it stretches and contracts, which is very useful while walking and moving.

Medial Ligaments (inside ligaments) and lateral ligaments (outside ligaments) improve the stability of the body and feet and enable the foot to move up and down.

Muscles, tendons, and ligaments are a very important part of our foot. Without them, we would not be able to move with our feet. Although we try to be careful, sometimes these muscles, tendons, and ligaments are injured during sports, from an illness, or due to other reasons entirely. It is important to see a podiatrist right away if you suspect that you have injured your muscles, tendons, or ligaments.

Call 718-624-7537 or make an appointment online today. At Joseph Stuto, DPM located in Brooklyn, New York, Dr. Joseph Stuto will examine, diagnose and treat any foot and ankle issue that you may have. Do not wait until it is too late. Your foot and ankle health is important to us.