Podiatrist Blog

Posts for: October, 2019

Your ankles are complicated structures of bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. A sprain occurs when one or more of these ligaments become overstretched or torn due to some abnormal foot position.

Here are some reasons for ankle sprains:

  • Sudden or unexpected movement exerts unwarranted pressure on the ankles, especially while running and other competitive sports like tennis.
  • Twists or rolling of your feet can damage the tendons and result in a sprain.
  • If you have sprained your ankles once and did not let it heal properly, chances are that the frequency of your sprains might increase.
  • Repeated sprains can even end in bone fractures.

How can you treat ankle sprains? Here are a few tips:

  • A minor sprain can be addressed with rest, ice application, compression and elevation (RICE treatment).
  • At Joseph Stuto, DPM, we urge our patients to consult their podiatrists right away to avoid any long-term damage to your ankles and feet. Our podiatrists will perform any necessary tests and x-rays so that the right course of treatment can be administered.
  • Foot specialists may recommend flexing exercises and stretches that enable the muscles to regain their strength.
  • Orthotic devices may be used to correct your gait and give adequate support to your ankles and feet for stability and balance.

Our board-certified podiatrist Dr. Joseph Stuto provides a wide array of podiatric services to help you maintain healthy and pain-free feet. Our experts are experienced in treating foot and ankle problems such as sports injuries, diabetic foot problems, stress fractures, flat feet, bone and joint protrusions, fungal toenail and skin infections and more. Our offices are located in Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537 and Brooklyn (718) 567-1403 for your ease and convenience. Feel free to contact us for information and appointments.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 21, 2019
Category: foot care tips

Calluses occur when the skin, usually at the heels or under the joint of your big toe, becomes rough, hard and then cracks open due to dryness. If left unattended, the cuts can deepen, causing pain, bleeding, and infections.

Here are a few easy treatments to get rid of calluses and enjoy pain-free feet:

  • Apply moisturizing creams to prevent your skin from dryness and cracking. If your skin is already dry, you may have to wear socks so that the moisturizer stays on your feet for long periods.
  • Use a pumice stone to get rid of small calluses. This natural abrasive, usually made from volcanic rock, helps to get rid of rough and flaky skin, thereby reducing your chances of developing deeper cuts and cracks.
  • Visit your podiatrist to cut away dry skin through a special tool that is designed to scrape off dead skin without injuring the lower and healthier layers.
  • Orthotic inserts are useful to redistribute pressure from certain areas of your feet that may be developing hardened skin due to constant weight and friction. At Joseph Stuto, DPM, we strongly advise our diabetic patients to use customized orthotics to avoid pain and wounds caused by calluses.

If you are suffering from calluses or are experiencing pain and discomfort due to rough and hardened skin, visit our office closest to your location for a thorough examination and necessary treatment.

Our board-certified podiatrist Dr. Joseph Stuto is equipped and experienced to deal with a variety of foot conditions like in-toeing, athlete’s foot, ingrown toenails, hammertoes, shin splints, arthritis, diabetic foot disorders, sprains and fractures, and more. Our offices are located in Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537 and Brooklyn (718) 567-1403 for your ease and convenience. Contact us to address any queries or concerns that you may have or for more information on keeping your feet safe and healthy.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 14, 2019
Category: foot fungus
Tags: toenail fungus   toenail   treatment  

Fungus thrives in warm and moist places like gyms, pool showers and even the space inside your shoes. Closed areas restrict the moisture from drying up, thereby creating a breeding ground for fungi.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM, we have identified three reasons why your toenail infection may reappear, despite getting treatment:

  1. Contact with Fungi: Even if you have treated your fungal toenails, the infection could return if your feet are exposed to fungi again. Avoid going barefoot into public showers and changing rooms. If you wear closed shoes, spray them with antiseptics or antifungal sprays to kill any bacteria that may be accumulating inside. Also, wash your feet regularly, spray them with antiseptics and keep them dry to stop the fungi from getting inside your toenails.
  2. Incomplete treatment: At times, the fungus tends to settle underneath the toenail or deposit in the area between the skin and the toenails. With over-the-counter solutions, the fungal infection may seem to go away. However, there is a possibility that some residue is still present in the toenails. That may require some advanced treatment involving passing a laser beam over the infected nails and surrounding skin.
  3. A weak immune system: Usually patients with diabetes or blood circulation issues have slow healing capabilities and are more likely to contract infections like toenail fungus. If you have such a condition, you need to be extra careful and keep examining your feet for any unusual changes. Visit your podiatrist frequently to address your foot concerns so that any infection can be caught well in time.

If your fungal toenail issue persists or you feel that the fungus may be coming back, schedule an appointment with our highly experienced and qualified podiatrist Dr. Joseph Stuto for examination and treatment options. Our offices are located in Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537 and Brooklyn (718) 567-1403, New York for your convenience. To keep you informed and equipped in making better decisions regarding your health and well-being, visit our extensive patient library and blogs section.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 09, 2019
Category: foot conditions
Tags: arch pain   plantar fascia  

We have heard how complex the structure of our feet is. But did you know that the arch too has an intricate structure layered with muscles and tissues? Two ligaments run along the length of your feet, whereas one goes across the width. This means that if you feel arch pain or discomfort in your arches, there could be multiple reasons causing it since the entire area under your feet is at risk.

One more thing to note is that pain in the arches can occur suddenly or aggravate over time due to any of the following reasons:

  • Plantar fascia, a ligament connecting the heel to the toes, may be damaged or inflamed due to excessive and repetitive physical activity;
  • Muscle damage also occurs if you do not take breaks between workouts or even your daily work routines to relax your feet and ease the load off them. Injuries, sprains or stress fractures are possible outcomes too if you are reckless with your feet.
  • Being overweight also exposes your feet to the risk of heel and arch pain.
  • Your footwear is essential in determining the health of your feet. Shoes that are too tight or too big put your heels, arches and toes under stress. High heels are likely to hurt your arches and the balls of your toes due to extra stress. Bone structure deformities are also usually attributed to inappropriate footwear.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM, Dr. Joseph Stuto recommends using customized orthotic inserts and provide a range of other treatments to help mitigate pain and discomfort from your feet. Our experts are experienced in treating a variety of foot and ankle related conditions such as sports injuries and stress fractures, Achilles tendonitis, fungal infections, shin splints, neuroma, deformities, arthritis and more. For more information, examination and treatment options, contact our offices located in Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537 and Brooklyn (718) 567-1403 and schedule your appointment today.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 03, 2019
Category: Fall prevention

Did you know that falls are the leading factor behind fatal and non-fatal injuries among senior citizens? At Joseph Stuto, DPM, we want to make sure that our senior patients and your elderly loved ones are safe from trips and falls.

It’s a good idea to talk to your loved ones about the high risk of falls.

Here are a few ideas to help them prevent trips and falls:

  • Communicate: Your loved ones need to understand that a lifetime of wear and tear of the feet will require extra care and caution at this stage of their lives. Understand they may feel as though their independence may be lost, and reluctant to discuss with family. Let them know how important their presence is in your life which is why they need to take good care of themselves and especially their feet to avoid falls.
  • Observe: Keep a lookout for any signs of difficulty in walking or standing in your elderly relatives. They may hold on to furniture, walls or look for support to maintain their balance. Ask them if they feel any discomfort or pain. Get their feet examined by your podiatrist regularly to identify any changes that require immediate attention.
  • Exercise precaution: Look around the house and identify any tripping hazards like runners and carpets, wires and chargers, etc. Remove these hazards so that walking is easier as areas become more spacious. Install hand support railings if required.
  • Adopt a healthy lifestyle: As bones lose their strength, they require adequate amounts of calcium to prevent further deterioration. A healthy diet that includes leafy greens, nuts and seeds, lentils and beans, will provide a substantial source of calcium. Add light exercise, like walking, so that your muscles and bones remain strong and flexible.
  • Act: Using customized orthotics make walking more comfortable and stable. They also provide support to the heels and arches, thereby reducing pain and discomfort. Consult a podiatrist to help you identify the fall-risk factors and assist in measures to achieve the best outcomes for all your foot and ankle problems.

We encourage you to consult our board-certified podiatrist, Dr. Joseph Stuto, for you and your older loved one’s foot problems. Visit us at our offices located in Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537 and Brooklyn (718) 567-1403, New York for guidance on foot health, or call us to schedule a convenient appointment.