Podiatrist Blog

Posts for: January, 2019

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
January 30, 2019
Category: toenail conditions
Tags: ingrown toenail  

An ingrown toenail is a condition that cannot go unnoticed. If you experience pain, redness or swelling along the side of your toenails, consider it a red flag and attend to it immediately before it starts to bleed or gets infected with pus.

Causes of Ingrown Toenails

There are many different factors that can lead to ingrown toenails. Some of the most common causes include:

  • Improper Trim- Improper cutting of the nails is perhaps the most common cause of ingrown toenails. Avoid cutting your nails in a curved line, unevenly, or too short.  One can significantly reduce the chances of ingrown toenails by getting a proper trim which is to cut them straight across.
  • Trauma to the toe- At times, dropping heavy objects on your toes, stubbing or participating in high-impact sporting activities can result in ingrown toenails.
  • Genetic tendencies- Many people have an inherited tendency to develop ingrown toenails. If it runs in the family, you are most likely to get them.
  • Ill-fitting footwear- Wearing tight shoes with narrow toe boxes can squeeze or crowd the toes and toenails. The severe stress on your toenails can increase the chances of an ingrown toenail.
  • Poor foot hygiene- In many people, ingrown toenails form as a result of having poor foot hygiene. If you do not keep your feet clean and dry, fungal infections can easily creep onto the toes and feet. A fungal infection increases your chances of developing an ingrown toenail.

Ingrown toenails can develop and get out of hand rather quickly. To prevent the pain and discomfort from ingrown toenails, see your podiatrist for proper treatment. Proper care and timely treatment can help prevent a minor problem from becoming a major one.

If you have an ingrown toenail, do not ignore it but, instead, end your needless suffering by coming to Joseph Stuto, DPM located in Brooklyn (718) 567-1403 and Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537, New York. Our highly-experienced and board-certified podiatrist Dr. Joseph Stuto can help determine the exact cause and devise the best possible treatment plan for your ingrown toenails. Learn more about types of foot problems, foot care guidelines, and treatment plans by browsing through our extensive library. If you have any question, contact us on the above-listed numbers to schedule an appointment.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
January 23, 2019
Category: Foot Injuries

As thrilling and exhilarating as running can be, it would be naïve to ignore the harmful effects associated with it if precaution is not exercised.

Here are some of the four most common running injuries that you can encounter:

  1. Achilles tendinitis  – a drastic increase in activity, aggressive calf stretches, and tight-fitted shoes can cause the Achilles tendon, a band of fibrous tissue that connects the calf muscles to the back of the heel, to flare up, causing severe pain and discomfort. This injury develops over time from repetitive movement.
  2. Shin splints – are a common occurrence in runners and soccer players, primarily due to poor biomechanics and overtraining. Too much strain can cause severe pain, discomfort, tightness, and inflammation around the shin bone (tibia).
  3. Plantar fasciitis – This is a common injury for runners, usually caused by overusing the muscles in your feet. These abrupt, recurring movements can cause small tears, swelling, and tightening of the plantar fascia.
  4. Stress fractures – repetitive motions, weak bone density, quick or abrupt movement during sports activities (like cross-overs in basketball) can cause hairlines cracks or tears in the bone.

Injuries can be physically and emotionally hard to deal with especially if you’re a pro-athlete and run for a living. The key to injury prevention requires recognizing an injury and taking prompt action when pain comes along. If you develop recurring pain from running and are not sure what’s wrong, see a podiatrist for a professional opinion.

If you are suffering from severe foot pain, chronic overuse injury, or any other foot and ankle condition, call Joseph Stuto, DPM located in Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537 and Brooklyn (718) 567-1403, New York. We treat everyone from infants, children, adolescents, adults and seniors. Dr. Joseph Stuto and his highly-trained staff can treat your running injuries and a multitude of other foot and ankle problems with advanced technologies and expertise. Contact us at either of the two numbers listed above or schedule an appointment. Check out our patient education library covering a wide range of podiatric-related topics and gain a better understanding of your feet.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
January 16, 2019
Category: foot care tips

With layers of snow and whiffs of freezing winds, winter season not only pushes us to stay cooped up inside our homes, but also forces us to cover ourselves up with layers of warm clothing including socks and shoes. It is likely that our feet may be neglected undercover. Moreover, since they are mostly concealed, who knows what they must be suffering from, whether their health is being compromised, or do they need attention? It is essential to be more careful about infections and skin rashes when your feet are covered throughout the day and even at night too.

Here are a few key tips to prep your feet for the cold winter season:

  1. Practice good foot hygiene. Despite the season, foot care should remain constant. Wash and dry your feet properly. Use a pumice stone around your foot to gently remove any dead skin. By applying a moisturizer, you can keep the skin from getting dry and avoid painful complications such as cracked heels.
  2. Take care of your nails. Keep your toenails properly trimmed in order to avoid ingrown toenails. Always cut your nails straight across and use a file to soften the edges. Never cut them too short. Cutting your toenails incorrectly or unevenly can result in ingrown toenails. This can cause swelling, redness, pain and sometimes an infection around the toe.
  3. Wear the right shoes. If you do not wear proper footwear and you are an ice skater or a snowboarder, your winter fun can turn into winter misery. Wear well-fitted and activity-specific shoes that provide the necessary comfort and support for the activities that you are involved in. Tight shoes can lead to a number of serious problems such as hammertoes, bunions, corns, and other deformities.
  4. Listen to your feet. Not addressing your foot concerns on a timely basis will only make the condition worse and cause additional injury. Regular foot checks can help spot anything unusual on your feet such as blisters, calluses, cuts or discoloration of the nails.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM, located in Brooklyn (718) 567-1403 and Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537, New York, our board-certified podiatrist Dr. Joseph Stuto can help you determine exactly the cause of your foot condition and provide the best solutions to avoid them from recurring. For more information, you can browse through our extensive library on topics that interest you online or call our office at any of the two numbers listed above to schedule an appointment.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
January 07, 2019
Category: Children's Feet

Children’s feet suffer from many of the same foot conditions that adults do, but they may vary in frequency due to their active lifestyles and rapid body growth.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM we know that a child may not be as communicative or receptive about their foot pain. No matter how cautious parents are, they at times could miss the underlying problem. That is why we’d love to help parents find ways to ensure that their child keeps optimal foot health.

Caring for your child’s feet

It is important that you keep your child’s feet in good condition. Good foot care during their growing years can help prevent many foot problems.

  1. Allow their feet to be free and active, not restricting them by tight leggings or beddings. Make sure foot coverings are loose enough to allow good blood circulation.
  2. Keep your child’s feet clean by washing them regularly with soap and water. Dry them properly so that the skin doesn’t get soggy.
  3. It is paramount that your child starts to wear shoes that are a proper fit right from the very beginning. Make sure the shoes are lightweight, flexible, and well-cushioned. Poorly-fitting shoes can lead to painful foot deformities. Since children’s feet grow at a very fast pace, their shoe size needs to be checked every month or so.
  4. Help your child maintain a healthy weight. This releases extra pressure and stresses away from your child’s feet. Hence, proper weight management can ward off many serious foot and ankle problems.

If your child often complains of foot pain or struggles to walk with a flat foot, it’s time to talk to an experienced podiatrist who can help assess your child’s overall foot health.

If you are noticing any changes in the development of your child’s feet and legs, it’s important to bring it to the attention of our professionals at Joseph Stuto, DPM. Our board-certified podiatrist Dr. Joseph Stuto can assure that your child gets the highest-quality foot and ankle care and treatment necessary for optimal foot health. For more information on your child’s growing feet, call (718)624-7537 or browse through our extensive patient library online.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
January 02, 2019
Category: foot conditions

Shockwave therapy. You may have heard about it from a friend who has had a kidney stone, but did you know that Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy is a trusted podiatric treatment as well? At Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry in Brooklyn, NY, Dr. Joseph C. Stuto and Dr. Plantar FasciitisJoseph A. Stuto use ESWT in the office to treat a variety of foot and ankle conditions—especially plantar fasciitis.

What is plantar fasciitis?

Affecting one in 10 American adults according to the American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons, plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the connective tissue between the heel bone and base of the toes, and it can cause considerable pain, loss of feeling, tenderness, and swelling.

Unfortunately, many patients spend considerable time and effort dealing with their conditions, only to find little to no relief. So, at Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry in Brooklyn, we offer Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy as an adjunct to, or replacement for, customized shoe orthotics, anti-inflammatory medications, injections, and other common treatments.

The procedure

Many adult patients qualify for ESWT. A complete podiatric exam, X-ray imaging, and a review of medical history will tell Dr. Soto if the procedure is both safe for you and has a good chance of succeeding. People with reduced sensitivity and circulation in their feet, take blood thinners, have a cardiac pacemaker, or who exhibit open sores or wounds cannot undergo this procedure. Also, women who are pregnant should postpone treatment until after they deliver their babies.

Regarding the treatment, it takes place in its entirety in the office with the benefit of local anesthetic or light sedation. Used since 2000 in the United States, ESWT delivers short, intense bursts of sound waves to selected areas of inflammation. The aim? ESWT helps:

  • Increase circulation
  • Speed healing
  • Reduce tenderness and harmful swelling

Afterwards, patients can return home (with an adult driver) and resume most of their normal routines the next day. However, they should postpone very strenuous activities, such as gym workouts, for a couple of weeks.

Contact us

At Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry's Brooklyn practices, you'll be well treated and can take advantage of up-to-date, innovative treatments such as shockwave therapy. For a personal consultation on your plantar fasciitis or other persistent podiatric conditions, please call our office team at (718) 624-7537.