Podiatrist Blog

Posts for: October, 2018

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 30, 2018
Category: foot deformities

What allows the body to carry and distribute weight efficiently? The answer lies in the arches of our feet. Arches exist for good reason. They not only act as shock absorbers but also help our feet adapt to uneven surfaces by evenly distributing weight throughout our feet. Flat feet (pes planus) is a common foot deformity where the foot appears to have a very low or no arch.

People are more likely to develop flat feet if they have suffered severe trauma to the feet. For example, a motorbike accident or a serious sports injury can cause the arches to fall. Many medical experts believe that flat feet are inherited. It can pass on from parents to children in the genes. In some cases, this condition occurs over time due to aging, obesity, diabetes, pregnancy (hormonal changes in the body), and arthritis.

Early diagnosis and the right treatment can give you relief and prevent further complications. Here are some key things that can help your flat feet.

  • Orthotics: Slide those orthotics insoles into your shoes to relieve you of foot pain by providing much-needed arch support. Custom-made orthotics are specific to your feet and may be used to relieve stress on the arch and minimize pain if the feet roll too far inward. It is important to note that these measures will treat only the symptoms such as reducing your pain and helping you walk more comfortably.
  • Well-fitted shoes: If your flat feet are causing you a certain level of discomfort, then it is best to wear shoes that best provide relief. Wear supportive and well-fitted shoes to help your flat feet find relief.
  • Exercise and stretching: People who tend to have flat feet should follow strict programs aimed at strengthening foot and ankle muscles. Exercises may involve picking up marbles with your toes. A good stretch can also help alleviate the flattening effect. In order to get a good stretch, one may practice different yoga positions.
  • Maintain ideal body weight. People who are obese and overweight are more likely to develop flat feet. Increasing weight can tear the tibial tendon which can cause the arches to fall. Losing weight can help reduce the pressure and pain.

If you are experiencing any pain from flat feet, it is important to schedule a consultation with a podiatrist to fully assess the situation.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM, our team of doctors can help you diagnose and treat a variety of foot and ankle conditions including flat feet. Our podiatrists Dr. Joseph C. Stuto and Dr. Joseph A. Stuto provide top quality foot and ankle care to our patients. For more information you can visit our website or schedule an appointment by calling (718) 624-7537.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 24, 2018
Category: Diabetic foot Care

If you ask anyone who has diabetes, they will tell you how this disease puts you at risk of experiencing foot problems, including the risk of amputation if one doesn’t follow proper foot care guidelines. Poor circulation and nerve damage in the foot can cause the slightest of cuts to be a source of severe infection.

You may risk amputation if any of these factors hold true.

  • Nerve damage – The damage to the nerves from peripheral artery disease makes it very difficult to detect an injury. If the infection doesn’t catch the eye, it can spread onto the bone.
  • Poor blood circulation – A lack of blood supply to our feet enhances the risk of injury and reduces the body’s wound healing power. This can lead to fractures and may lead to amputation.
  • Foot deformities – The foot deforms from its natural shape due to poor circulation and damage to the nerves without the patient even being aware. Loss of feeling in the toe can lead to foot deformities. A severe case may lead to amputation.

If you or your loved one experience any nerve damage or poor circulation from diabetes, you may want to consult a foot and ankle specialist for diagnosis and treatment. It is really important to try and sort out the problem early before it gets any worse.

Here at Joseph Stuto, DPM we have years of experience in treating a variety of foot and ankle conditions such as ankle sprains, athlete’s foot, bunions, corns, fungal infections, hammertoes, warts, foot deformities, and diabetic foot care. Dr. Stuto and his trained staff look forward to helping you diagnose the issue and provide a treatment plan. For more information, you can visit our website or schedule an appointment at our two convenient office locations in Brooklyn: (718) 567-1403 (Brooklyn), or (718) 624-7537 (Brooklyn Heights). 


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 16, 2018
Category: sports injuries

Sports are a great way for people to get outdoors and be active together. While it is fun playing some form of organized sport, it is important to be safe while you are doing so. Injuries are part of an athlete’s life. Whether it is golf or rugby, there is always the risk of injury.

Our feet are one of the most injury-prone parts of the body in any sport. Our feet are constantly exposed to elevated levels of stress from sprinting, jumping or switching directions. Even though our feet are quite robust and hard-working, they are vulnerable to all kinds of injuries.

Here are some common injuries that occur to those playing sports:

  1. Plantar fasciitis – This injury is very common in impact and running sports. The injury occurs when the plantar fascia, a band of tissue which connects the heel bone to your toes, suffers little tears when it is overly stretched. This ligament provides support to your foot’s arch and, once damaged, can disrupt your mobility.  
  2. Ankle sprains – Trauma or stepping onto an uneven surface or object can result in this type of injury. This occurs when the ankle ligaments are overstretched. A sprain may vary in severity.
  3. Achilles tendonitis – The Achilles tendon attaches the calf muscle to the heel bone. It can withstand elevated stress levels but, when overused, can cause rupture, swelling, irritation and severe pain.
  4. Turf Toe – Hyper-extension of the big toe joint can cause this type of injury. This injury is common in a number of sports such as football, soccer, and baseball.

Don’t let an injury or lingering pain keep you out of the game! Take timely measures to avoid complications. The best resource for any kind of foot and ankle condition is your podiatrist.

If you are experiencing any sport-related injury or chronic pain, call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. Our team of podiatrists Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto can provide a full array of services to help all your foot and ankle needs and get you back in the game. Contact us at (718) 624-7537 or schedule an appointment online.  


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 10, 2018
Category: foot care tips

Our feet experience a lot of wear and tear, every day. It is our responsibility to keep our feet safe.

We often purchase the most trendy and stylish footwear to make our feet look good, but do we maintain good foot hygiene to reduce the risk of infections?

Foot infections are fairly common in people worldwide. That’s because fungi are present everywhere.

Here at Joseph Stuto, DPM, we want our patients to be proactive when it comes to the health of their feet. We urge our patients to adopt a good foot care regimen to reduce the risk of infections, stop them from recurring and also prevent them from spreading across your body or to others.  Some of the most common foot infections are athlete’s foot, fungal nail infections, and ingrown toenails.

Here are some key steps you should consider taking to help prevent or stop recurring infections on your feet.

  1. Avoid walking barefoot: One can easily contract an infection from walking barefoot at communal areas or at home. Furthermore, anyone who has an infection should not be walking barefoot as they may contaminate the floor they walk on, exposing others to bacteria and fungi. If you have poor circulation or diabetes, you may even have a harder time fighting off these infections by walking barefoot. Wear flip-flops or sandals if necessary.
  2. Daily foot wash: Maintain good foot hygiene by washing your feet regularly to avoid bacteria and fungi from settling in. Dry your feet properly, especially between the toes before you put on some socks and shoes. As bacteria and fungus breed and grow in warm, dark and moist settings, ensure that your feet are clean and dry.
  3. Wear well-fitted shoes: One of the best ways to keep foot pain and infections in check is to wear supportive and comfortable shoes. Your activity decides the type of footwear you should wear. Avoid wearing worn-out and tight-fitted shoes as they can damage your skin, allowing infections to creep in. Also, try to avoid wearing someone else’s shoes.
  4. Wear clean socks: To prevent infections, it’s essential that you wear clean and dry socks. Wear cotton or woolen socks that wick away moisture from the feet.
  5. Trim your toenails: The best to way to look after your toenails is to cut or file them straight across. Do not cut your nails too short or from the sides to avoid ingrown toenails.
  6. Use medication: Use timely medication such as antibiotics or anti-fungal ointments to prevent infections from spreading, as prescribed by your foot and ankle doctor.

If you are experiencing any unusual foot pain or infections, call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. Our podiatrists Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto will help best treat your foot infections. Call (718) 624-7537 to schedule an appointment.

 


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 03, 2018
Tags: Bunions   arthritis  

Bunions are one of the most common foot disorders. They can be quite unattractive and bothersome if left untreated. It’s a large bony bump that forms on the side of your big toe joint. Bunions develop over time. The pressure exerted on the big toe joint causes misalignment of the big toe. The misalignment causes the big toe to lean toward the next big toe.

This deformity is found to be more common in women as they wear shoes that have narrow toe boxes that overlap or squeezes the toes together. This overlapping can cause severe pain, redness and inflammation on the sides of the big toe. Other factors that might increase the risk of bunion formation include abnormal bone structure (hereditary), arthritis or trauma.

To minimize your chances of developing bunions, it is essential that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist. A timely check and a proper diagnosis can help treat bunions more effectively.

Here are some early treatment measures to help you get on the road to recovery:

  • One of the most effective ways to treat early bunions is foot comfort. Wear shoes that have soft soles (leather), broad toe space and wide insteps. Proper footwear can help reduce pressure over the bunion. Avoid wearing tight-fitted shoes, especially those ultra-heels and narrow-toed shoes.
  • You may use protective pads to help cushion the bunion. This should relieve pressure on the affected area.
  • You may take proper medication as prescribed by a certified podiatrist to get relief from the pain and swelling caused by bunions.
  • Apply ice on the affected areas several times a day to help reduce swelling.
  • If the above treatments do not improve the state of your bunions, it’s may be time to discuss surgery.

If you notice any early symptoms of bunions, consult your podiatrist for evaluation and treatment options. At Joseph Stuto, DPM we can help provide the best podiatric care and treatment for all your foot and ankle needs. Our foot doctors Dr. Joseph C. Stuto and Dr. Joseph A. Stuto can help you win the fight against bunions. Call us and schedule an appointment at our two convenient locations in Brooklyn: (718) 567-1403 (Brooklyn), or (718) 624-7537 (Brooklyn Heights).