Podiatrist Blog

Posts for: September, 2018

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
September 26, 2018
Category: foot care tips

When it comes to avoiding common foot problems, there is no better way to care for your feet than by buying shoes that fit you properly and are good for your feet. At Joseph Stuto, DPM, we see an increase in foot pain and many types of foot disorders primarily linked with poor shoe choices. If you have diabetes, your shoe choice and foot care become even more important.

To maximize foot health, here are some of the top shoe styles you may want to think twice about.

  1. Flip-Flops and Sandals: A very common and popular type of footwear especially during the summer. Many people like the freedom flip-flops and other types of sandals provide. However, they lack arch support, protection, cushioning, and shock absorption which may lead to foot pain and foot disorders such as ankle sprains, plantar fasciitis, and tendon problems.
  2. High Heels: It’s no secret that women and high heels have a love-hate relationship. They might be in style and look good on you, but high heels are notorious for causing all sorts of painful foot and ankle problems. Women who wear high heels are subject to weight and pressure on the forefoot (ball of the foot). Wearing high heels all day long can cause serious foot and ankle problems such as bunions, hammertoes, blisters, sprains, fractures and stretching of the Achilles tendon. Anytime you wear tight-fitted or pointed-toe shoes, you limit the foot’s mobility and its natural shape.
  3. Platform Shoes and Wedges: Platform shoes may not be a bad choice, but they are not without risk to your feet. They tend to have rigid footbeds which may throw off your natural walking motion. Wearing an elevated platform shoe can cause ankle instability which may result in severe ankle injuries such as sprains and hairline fractures.                                                                                  
  4. Worn-Out Shoes: Simply throw out those worn-out shoes that provide very little to no cushioning, protection and shock absorption.
  5. Sheepskin Boots: This style of footwear generally comes out of the closet when the weather changes and the temperature drops. These shoes not only keep your feet warm but are very comfortable. However, because they are often worn without moisture-wicking socks, they can provide a certain level of discomfort such as fungus build-up (athlete’s foot).

The Right Shoes to Wear

Understanding the best type of footwear that works for your feet can make a difference between good health and potential foot problems.

If you or any of your loved ones are experiencing chronic foot pain and aches, it is important to talk to a foot care professional to discuss ways to address the problem. Call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. Our podiatrists Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Dr. Joseph C. Stuto look forward to helping you with all kinds of foot and ankle problems. Choosing the correct footwear along with proper foot care should be a priority for everyone.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
September 21, 2018
Category: Children's Feet

Proper foot care is essential as your child is growing by leaps and bounds.

When you think about the health of your little one you probably don’t put much thought into their feet; however, there are quite a few issues that can happen to toddlers, infants and children if proper foot hygiene and care aren’t taken into account. Our Brooklyn podiatrists Dr. Child FeetJoseph A. Stuto and Dr. Joseph C. Stuto are here to offer up some tips on how to keep your children’s feet healthy.

The bones in a baby’s feet are made of soft cartilage, and these bones won’t fully develop until their late teens. Babies are also born with flat feet, as arches don’t develop until your child is 2 or 3 years old.

Pediatric Foot Care

It’s important for toddlers to spend enough time each day going barefoot, which will allow them time to move and wiggle their feet around to exercise and develop the muscles in the feet.

Since children’s feet grow quickly, especially during infancy, it’s important that the socks and shoes they are wearing allow them room to move. If they don’t then it’s time to get them a larger size. Tight shoes and socks compress and put added pressure on your child’s feet, which can lead to developmental issues.

Another thing to consider is your child’s bedtime. That’s right. Your little one’s bed habits could affect their development if you aren’t careful. When you tuck them into bed make sure they can move their feet and legs. If you tuck your infant or toddler in too snuggly it could restrict their movement and affect the development of their feet.

It’s also important to keep your child’s feet clean. This means washing them with soap and water every day, making sure to get in between toes, too. Once you thoroughly bathed their feet make sure to dry them off completely. If your child’s feet get particularly sweaty you may want to use a talcum powder to wick away excessive sweat.

When should you purchase shoes for your child? While it might be fun to go shoe shopping for your little one they really won’t need shoes until they are old enough to start walking around outside. If you are ever unsure about what you should and shouldn’t do for your child don’t hesitate to turn to our foot doctor in Brooklyn.

If you or your child is dealing with foot pain or other issues don’t hesitate to contact our foot care experts at Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry. We have two offices in Brooklyn, NY, to serve you and your family better.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
September 18, 2018
Category: toenail conditions
Tags: ingrown toenail  

An ingrown toenail (onychocryptosis) is a common nail impairment where the sides of the toenail cut into the soft skin tissue of your toe. The growing nail causes the skin to break creating a wound which bacteria can enter, making it susceptible to infections. This can cause severe pain, irritation, inflammation and redness. Ingrown toenails primarily affect the big toe but they can also be found on other toes.

You can very easily treat ingrown toenails at home, unless you have diabetes, which requires that you go see a doctor or foot care specialist immediately. Here are some tips to treat ingrown toenails at home:

  1. Immerse your feet in warm water. This is a common practice when treating ingrown toenails. Fill a bucket with warm water and soak your feet for roughly 15-20 minutes. Do this routine 3-4 times a day. This helps to reduce the swelling and relieves tenderness. Make sure to dry your feet properly.
  2. Apply antibiotic ointment. Rub an antibiotic ointment on the affected toenail and properly wrap it in a bandage.
  3. Use a Q-tip or dental floss. Gently pull away the affected nail from the reddened skin by sliding a Q-tip or dental floss under it.
  4. Trim your toenails. Try to trim the growing toenails, if you can.

Remember, these tips are only to relieve pain. Proper treatment from a qualified podiatrist should be sought.

Whether your ingrown toenail is infected or getting out of hand, it is important that you get it checked out by a doctor who specializes in foot and ankle care. At Joseph Stuto, DPM, we treat a range of foot and ankle conditions such as hammertoes, fungal infections, skin problems, arthritis, and heel spurs. You can call our podiatrists Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Dr. Joseph C. Stuto located in Brooklyn, New York. Let us provide the best care and treatment you need for your foot problem. Schedule an appointment today by calling (718) 624-7537.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
September 12, 2018
Category: Foot Injuries

Running is a great way to keep in good health. It’s the kind of activity you can do anytime or anywhere. Proper footwear can help avert running injuries. While running, the feet and ankles take on a great deal of stress. A runner may experience an injury if the stress exceeds high levels. Injuries often experienced by runners include Achilles tendonitis, ankle sprains, plantar fasciitis, and shin splints.

Following are some key tips to help avoid running injuries:

  • The importance of warm-up and stretching: Before you go on your daily runs or do any form of exercise, it is extremely important that you do some warm-up laps and stretches. Take 5 to 10 minutes to do the necessary stretches such as knee clasp, hamstring stretch, and wall push-ups. It is necessary to warm up the Achilles tendon to avoid tendonitis.
  • Proper footwear: Choice of footwear is key in averting major running injuries. Wear the right shoe for the right activity. For example, one cannot wear golf shoes while going for a morning run. Always wear the right shoe size to help avoid overlapping of your toes. Before making a shoe purchase, have the foot measured by a professional. Avoid going barefoot.
  • Orthotic shoe inserts:  Put inserts inside the shoes to help correct fallen arches, gait imbalances and other problems.
  • Stop rushing: When one starts a new exercise routine after a long break, you need to take it slow and easy to avoid injury (stress fractures).
  • Cooling off after your exercise routine: Let your body cool off and recover after a good run.
  • Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of fluids before, in-between or after the long run. This can help lessen cramps, which are often caused by dehydration.

Running injuries are quite common. Even pro athletes experience this over and over again. The best resource for your foot and ankle needs is your podiatrist.

If you are suffering from a sports injury or any other foot and ankle condition, then it is time to call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Dr. Joseph C. Stuto can help you with all kinds of foot and ankle problems. Contact us at (718) 624 7537 and schedule an appointment today!


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
September 05, 2018
Category: toe conditions

The best way to treat any foot and ankle condition is to get early treatment. This measure not only averts major complications but also presents more treatment options. This certainly holds true for a medical condition called hammertoes. A hammertoe is a toe deformity generally caused due to a muscle imbalance where the middle toe gets curled and takes the shape of a hammer.

Hammertoes can be quite irritating and painful. It’s a progressive disorder, which only gets worse if it is left untreated. The best resource for hammertoes is your podiatrist.

Here are some of the early hammertoe treatments that a podiatrist may suggest:

  • One of the most important and common practices to avert hammertoes is simply wearing the correct footwear. Before you put on a pair of shoes, have your feet measured by a professional. Having a shoe that fits you properly helps to avoid overlapping of the toes.
  • Use padding in your footwear to avoid unnecessary friction and pressure on your toes due to body weight.
  • Custom orthotic foot inserts may also help support and reduce the stress levels of your toes.
  • Use splints or straps to straighten out hammertoes, but only after consulting your podiatrist.
  • Exercise is key in avoiding this toe deformity. Toe exercises like stretching, toe squeeze, toe crunch and toe tap should be a part of your daily routine. This not only strengthens the muscles, but it also helps in the repositioning of the curled toe.

If you are dealing with hammertoes or any other foot and ankle condition, then it is time to call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Dr. Joseph C. Stuto can help you fix your toe deformity, as well as all your foot and ankle problems. Contact us at (718) 624-7537 and schedule an appointment today.