Podiatrist Blog

Posts for: March, 2018

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
March 29, 2018
Category: toe conditions
Tags: diabetes   foot fractures   injury   toe   pain  

It is very easy to forget about our feet. We use them on a constant basis to get from one place to another, but we do not really think about their care or health. Usually, the topic of our feet comes up when it is sandal season or if a problem occurs with them. That is when we really take charge of their health and try to remedy any problem that has occurred. Another time we tend to pay attention to our feet is during a minor injury, for example, a stubbed toe. Stubbing our toe is extremely painful and it reminds us that we do indeed have extremities that are getting us from place to place. Due to some misfortune, we overstep or misstep and BAM! Our toe is stubbed and we are in excruciating pain. Most of us try to walk it off without knowing what exactly happened to the integrity and stability of the toe at the time.

Pain Starts in the Brain

Everyone feels pain differently. What is painful to one person can cause absolutely no pain to another person. Just like beauty is in the eye of the beholder, pain is in the core of the brain. Everyone has their own brain that responds differently to messages it receives. These messages are transferred to the brain by our nervous system. Your toes have nerves at the tips that help the body respond to different sensations. Hot, cold, pain, pleasure and other sensations are all picked up at the nerve. The nerve then has the job to take this sensation and translate it to the brain. The brain then triggers the portion of itself that has feeling and you get the pain of a stubbed toe.

The brain doesn’t do this to inconvenience you - it is there to serve a purpose. This purpose is to warn the body about imminent danger or threat and try to get it to stop partaking in the activity or action that causes the pain. This helps the body avoid severe foot and ankle injuries such as breaks and fractures of the bones.

Sometimes this pain can be dulled due to other foot and ankle conditions. Patients who suffer from diabetes and have nerve damage (peripheral neuropathy) tend to lack the sensation of pain. These patients are at a higher risk for severe foot and ankle problems due to this lack of sensation. Patients who suffer from a lack of sensation in the feet should consult with a podiatrist regularly to examine their feet and be sure they are healthy. If you don’t have a podiatrist yet, call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto can take images of your toe to see whether or not it has been dealt significant damage from its injury. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
March 21, 2018
Tags: injured   swollen   swelling  

When you take a glimpse at your feet and you notice that they are red, it can be quite alarming. Red isn’t usually the ideal color for your feet to be, after all. Your first thoughts probably are why are my feet red? Well, there are many different reasons your feet can be red. The only way to find out the true cause is by visiting a podiatrist. But, to help ease your mind and give you an inkling of some of the possibilities, read on for some of the most common reasons:

1.       Your clothes have excess dyes that turned your feet red – that’s right! Clothes that are colored and contain dyes sometimes can run and stain the feet. This is true with socks, tights, pants, and anything else that falls on or around your feet. So, before you completely panic, try to wash your feet first.

2.       You injured your foot – Yesterday when you were walking and rolled your foot, it didn’t hurt too badly so you thought nothing of it. Today, however, it is red, swollen and all around angry. When the muscles, ligaments, and tendons in the foot are strained, they can become inflamed and cause redness and swelling to alert you that something is wrong.

3.       Cellulitis is running amok on your foot – This is a serious bacterial infection that occurs when bacteria enter into the body from a small cut or scrape. It is commonly found on the foot, ankles, and legs. It causes the skin to get red, swollen and tender. It should be treated by a medical professional immediately.

4.       You have a blood clot – When your blood flow decreases, you are more at risk of getting a blood clot. This is usually due to exercise or injury. The clot forms and causes redness, swelling, and warmth in the location of the clot.

5.       You could have venous insufficiency – This condition makes it so the blood in the veins cannot flow as easily. This is usually because the valves in the veins are damaged and allow the blood to flow backward.  The feet become red with time and can become painful. Usually, compression socks are used to help this condition.

If your feet are red and you do not know why it is important to see a podiatrist right away. Although not all causes of red feet are life-threatening, there are some conditions that can have serious effects. Call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto can get to the bottom of your red feet. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
March 15, 2018

Going to a podiatrist can seem a little bit scary at first. Just like any doctor, they have many different tools they use to help them get the job done. All of these medical tools serve a specific purpose to help aid a podiatrist as they work on your feet. Some of the tools may look like everyday items you also use. Other tools may look like nothing you have ever seen and maybe a little bit intimidating. Here is a breakdown of some of the most common medical tools a podiatrist uses and what to expect from them.

Nail Clippers – Most people have a set of these hanging around their house. Their function is to cut toenails that are starting to get too long. If you do not regularly maintain your toenails they can turn into ingrown toenails. These can cause pain, infection, and suffering.

Nail Files – Nail files act like sandpaper. They gradually file down the nail. They are used to help even out nails that are broken, straighten nails that are cut crooked, and to take small amounts of nail away when clippers are too much.

Scalpel – A scalpel is a very sharp blade that is often used as a surgical tool. In the office, it can also be used to lance off warts that are numb via a local anesthetic.

Hard Skin Debridement Drill – This is for those hard-to-eradicate calluses, corns, and other damaged tough tissue.  It slowly files the tissue away so that it no longer bothers the patient.

Autoclave – This machine heats other podiatric tools to a very high temperature. The high temperature disinfects the tools so that they can be used again as sterile equipment.

Nail Splitters – These splitters are used to make a cut or incision in the nail. They help to remove ingrown toenails that are embedded in the skin.

Podiatry Chair – Even the chair you sit in when you visit the doctor’s office serves a purpose. Not only does it keep you in the right position, it also can hold extras supplies for your podiatrist.

Although visiting any doctor can be daunting, it is necessary when suffering from foot and ankle problems such as bunions, corns, neuromas and more. If you suffer from any of these afflictions, it is important to see a podiatrist right away for treatment. If you want the best podiatrist, consider calling Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto can examine your feet with their tools of the trade. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today. 


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
March 08, 2018
Category: foot conditions
Tags: orthotics   edema  

Pregnancy is an amazing journey that many lucky women are able to experience.  As the body grows and expands to accommodate the new bundle of joy, you may notice mild swelling throughout your body. It will be especially apparent in the feet and the ankles. The amount of swelling you experience can vary by the hour (increasing in the evening) and by the weather (warmer temperatures forecast more swelling).

When Do Feet Swell During Pregnancy?

Edema affects a broad range of women during their pregnancy. On average, about a third of women suffer from edema. Edema is most common during weeks 22 to 27 of pregnancy. After pregnancy edema can still plague a woman.

What Is the Reason for Pregnancy Swelling?

Edema happens during pregnancy due to an increase in blood flow and bodily fluids. This increase of fluids and flow is due to the need to create a healthy baby. It helps a baby build tissue and also helps to make sure the mother is getting enough blood flow as well. This increased flow can put pressure on the body which causes the swelling. Many times, the swelling is centered within the feet and ankles due to the natural gravitational pull.  Another reason you may be experiencing swelling in your feet is due to faster than normal weight gain.

What Are the Risks of Swollen Feet and Ankles?

Some mild swelling of the feet and ankles is completely normal during pregnancy. While some people experience this swelling, others can experience no swelling at all. It all depends on the woman and how her pregnancy presents. If the swelling is accompanied by other symptoms such as a headache, dizziness or high blood pressure, it is important to call a doctor right away.

If your doctor checks you out and determines that you are only experiencing simple edema and no other serious pregnancy risks, consider making an appointment to see a podiatrist. A podiatrist can set you up with a custom orthotic to help keep the swelling of your feet under control. These orthotics can also add support to the feet and prevent pain when walking. Please call calling Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto will explain edema to you and help you find solutions to treat it. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today.