Podiatrist Blog

Posts for: November, 2017

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
November 20, 2017
Category: foot care tips
Tags: Safety Shoes  

Almost everyone has a job at one point of their lives or another. Each of these jobs requires different skill sets, different personalities and different uniforms and workwear. For example, a doctor requires a special education and a white coat while an electrician requires a different type of board certification and safety wear. Not all safety wear is made the same and shoes certainly are not a one size fits all, especially when it comes to your job or trade.

Once you pick the right safety shoes for your job, it is important to use best practices to properly care for them. This will extend the life of your work shoes and it will also allow for happier, healthier feet.

The first thing you should do is find a pair of safety shoes that fit properly. When at the store, or when you receive them from your online order, be sure to do the following to test for proper fit:

  • Walk around in the new pair of safety shoes you received. Make sure they do not slip off your foot, or pinch anywhere on your foot.
  • Your work shoes or boots should have a lot of room in the toe area. If they are squashed together or cramping, chances are you need to return the shoes and try again.
  • When picking out a pair of shoes in the store, be sure to bring the right socks with you. If you are ordering shoes online, be sure to keep in mind the kind of socks you will be wearing in those shoes. Thicker socks call for shoes that are wider or will stretch.
  • When you tie the shoes, make sure that they are snug around the heel and ankle. If they are loose, exchange them for a new pair.

Now that you have a pair of good fitting safety boots, here is how to care for them:

  • Apply a protective coating of water repellent to your work boots. This will help repel any water or moisture from the outside of the shoe which will provide you with drier feet.
  • Inspect your shoes every week. If there are holes, punctures, or other damage, be sure to replace the shoes accordingly.
  • Wash your shoes regularly. Washing your shoes with a mild detergent and a little bit of water will help keep them fresh and clean for longer use.

Having a hard time figuring out which safety shoes are right for your occupation? Have the shoes but aren’t sure how to care for them? Contact Joseph C. Stuto, DPM and Joseph A. Stuto, DPM of Stuto Foot & Ankle Group, located in Brooklyn, New York. Making an appointment is easy - call 718-624-7537 or make an appointment online today. Put your safety first.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
November 15, 2017
Tags: Stress Fracture   podiatry  

In the medical world, there are scientists and researchers who dedicate their life’s work to specific causes. Some of them focus on cancers whiles others focus on sports related injuries. The types of research range and vary from scientists to scientist. Every piece of research is carefully recorded and stored in hopes of use later in a breakthrough.

One notable area of research that is being conducted is the study of stress fractures to help better prevent injury. This study uses military personnel by the Department of Defense. Although the test base is specific, this study and its findings have made a wave for podiatry as a whole.

In 1997 “Bone Health and Military Medical Readiness” was started to help solve the problem of stress fractures from overuse. The goal of the program was to completely eliminate the possibility of getting a stress fracture.

A stress fracture occurs when the muscles cannot take on an entire strain that the foot is undergoing. The muscle then gives that excess strain to the bones and it causes the bone to crack.

The study started with non-invasive approaches such as advanced x-rays, bone density scans and MRIs. They found that bone density had a direct correlation with the likeliness that an individual would receive a stress fracture. This allowed the scientists and podiatrists to know that the right nutrition for your bones is important to help prevent stress fractures.

The study has not yet concluded but has helped podiatrists all over. This research material and its findings have allowed podiatrists to advise patients on better nutritional habits to help promote bone health and density. Without such research, our feet and those of our military would be all the worse for wear.

Are you constantly on your feet? Are you or do you know a veteran who suffers from a stress fracture? Do not wait to take action - a trained podiatrist can help. Contact Joseph C. Stuto, DPM and Joseph A. Stuto, DPM of Stuto Foot & Ankle Group, located in Brooklyn, New York. Making an appointment is easy call 718-624-7537 or make an appointment online today. Don’t let stress fractures stress you out.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
November 09, 2017
Tags: orthotics   bowlegs   flatfeet   intoning  

Children tend to be very active and are always getting into something. Due to their natural inquisitiveness and their need for adventure, the often find themselves running into a foot or ankle injury. Not all of a child’s foot or ankle injuries are from activities. Some of them occur as their body develops. Here are four different types of developmental problems to look out for:

  1. Bowlegs – This condition is typical for infants 12-24 months in age and can be obvious when looking at a child’s legs. Healthy legs should be relatively straight up and down. Bowed lags curve out like a bow, hence their name. Many children or adults with this condition are still stable on their feet. A lot of the time, the condition spontaneously resolves itself. If the bowlegs are severe and are hindering an individual from natural movement, more drastic measures such as surgery can be taken.
  2. Knock-knees – This condition, which usually stems from bow legs, is relatively normal for children ages 2-4.  It typically improves with age and straightens out at around 11. Sometimes bracing is used to help aid in the correction of the disorder if it is severe and causing mobility issues.
  3. Flat Feet – Flat feet are very common in children and adults alike. Flat feet are usually due to genetics. Most of the time, they cause no problems for an individual. Other times they can cause pain and tired feet. Good orthotics and shoes can help treat this condition.
  4. Intoeing – This is when the upper part of the body at the hips is rotated inward and causes an abnormal gait. Twisting a shin bone is one of the most common causes of intoeing in children between ages 1 and 2. Thigh bone torsion usually causes intoeing for children ages 3 to 15. 

Are your child’s legs bowed? Do they knock their knees when they walk? Stuto Foot Specialist, located in Brooklyn, New York can help examine, diagnose, and treat your child and their developmental disorder. Podiatrists Joseph C. Stuto, DPM and Joseph A. Stuto, DPM have been helping patients with all types of developmental disorders for years with great results. Call 718-624-7537 or request an appointment online today.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
November 01, 2017
Category: foot exercise
Tags: earthing   barefoot   walking   circulation  

Walking outdoors is always a relaxing and enjoyable experience. The fresh air, ambiance and atmosphere really amplify the enjoyment of it. Some people will walk at their local park, on a trail or in their neighborhood. There are all kinds of places to walk and many walking styles. Walking is a universal form of entertainment and also good exercise. Some people use sneakers while others walk completely barefoot. There are pros and cons to walking barefoot.

Barefoot walking or “earthing” is a trend that has taken off recently. At first people were unsure as to whether or not it was beneficial for the feet to walk barefoot outside, but now there have been studies supporting that it is indeed good for the feet. Studies have shown that it improves quality of sleep, can reduce inflammation and also reduce stress and anxiety.

Earthing is the act of walking barefoot on sand, soil or grass. Earthing does not include walking barefoot on pavement. The theory is that walking barefoot on the earth’s natural environment directly affects the electrons your body uses to function.

If you aren’t convinced about earthing, that is okay too. Walking in general provides a lot of proven health benefits. It has been cited as reducing the risk of certain types of cancers, helps keep sugar levels down for patients with diabetes, and is good exercise for your body overall.

What if I want to walk barefoot?

Walking barefoot should be done with plenty of preparation and caution. It is important to walk in a place that is clean, free of hazardous debris, and animal matter. If you walk barefoot and injure your foot, you can become prone to wounds, infections and diseases.

There are benefits to walking barefoot. One such benefit is the effect it has on your balance. Your overall balance evens out and improves when walking barefoot. Circulation is also improved when walking barefoot. When your feet are barefoot they work harder as they walk. This allows for more muscles to be used and a higher blood flow in the feet and body. Another great benefit that barefoot walking brings is the reduction of high blood pressure. This is because it is said that when bare feet touch the ground, it wakes up nerve endings on the bottom of the feet and increases circulation for better flow.

Are you interested in barefoot walking? Are you unsure whether or not barefoot walking is right for your feet? Contact podiatrists Joseph C. Stuto, DPM and Joseph A. Stuto, DPM of Stuto Foot Specialist, located in Brooklyn, New York. Making an appointment is easy - just call 718-624-7537 or make an appointment online today.