Podiatrist Blog

Posts for: October, 2017

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 25, 2017
Category: Foot Care
Tags: blisters  

Millions of people around the world wear socks with their shoes every single day. They come in many different shapes, styles, and fibers. Different types of socks have different functions. Some are better for high intensity activities while others are good for casual use. All of these socks have a certain construction and not all are made the same.

Typically, socks are knitted together via fabric. There are two common types of stiches used when making socks. They are the rib stitch and the stockinette stitch. The rib stitch is usually used in the leg area or in other cases the whole sock uses the rib stitch. The stockinette stitch is usually used in the foot area. The rib stitch tends to be very stretchy and will return to its original shape after being stretched out. If either of these stitches ravel out the sock will unravel or get a hole in it. These socks should be discarded and replaced.

Seams of a sock should be evenly knitted and flat. Seams that are higher up on the foot of the sock tend to be more comfortable than seams at the end of the sock. The toe and the heel area should be smooth and fit comfortably to avoid irritation. There should never be bunching in any area of the sock.

Heel shape is very important in a sock. Socks with square heels give the best fit. Socks with a small curved heel tend to slip under the foot or off of the foot completely. This can cause bunching of the sock inside the shoe which can lead to foot problems.

Decoration of a sock is very important as well because it lets you know the quality of the sock. Socks with sharp color, clear patterns and contrast are usually of better quality. Socks that have overlapping patterns, dull colors and no clarity are poorer quality. Poor quality socks will fall apart easier or lead to blisters.

Are you suffering from blisters on your feet? Do your socks continuously slide off in your shoe? Podiatrists Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Dr. Joseph C. Stuto of Stuto Foot Specialist, located in Brooklyn, New York, can help. Call 718-624-7537 or make an appointment online today. Dr. Stuto will help you choose the right sock based on your foot shape and structure. He will also guide you in buying an appropriate pair of shoes. Do not let your socks and shoes get the best of your feet.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 19, 2017
Category: foot conditions

The spring and the fall are a wonderful time of the year. The temperature is very mild, the weather starts to get nicer, and the ambiance and foliage is all very beautiful. For the unlucky few who have allergies though, it can be uncomfortable at best.

A lot of people suffer from seasonal allergies. It can cause congestion, pressure and itching. These allergies don't only affect the face and sinuses. Skin allergies can also appear on the feet. When the skin on the foot is inflamed and irritated from exposure to an irritant, it is known as a skin allergy. There are two types of skin allergies. The two types of skin allergies are irritant dermatitis and allergic dermatitis.

Irritant Dermatitis

Irritant Dermatitis can be caused by prolonged exposure to, improper use of, or contact with an alkaline or acidic substance. Soaps, laundry detergents, hair products, rubber materials and chemicals are common substances that can trigger an irritant dermatitis. Hot water can even be a trigger for irritant dermatitis.

Allergic Dermatitis

Allergic Dermatitis is due to an allergic reaction to a particular substance. It can be a chronic case or be due to multiple cases of exposure over a period of time. Common triggers for this type of reaction are personal hygiene products, antibiotics, soaps, adhesives such as bandages, latex, plants and fragrances. Airborne allergens such as oils and pollens can also cause allergic dermatitis.


Symptoms of skin allergies can appear on the hands, feet, scalp, and face. Any skin that has come into contact with an irritant or allergen can also be affected. Here is a list of common symptoms:

If you touch any irritated area, be sure to wash your hands thoroughly afterwards.

Treatment Options

  • Topical Steroid Creams
  • Prescription medication
  • Antibiotic medication

If you suspect that you are suffering from a skin allergy, it is important to contact a podiatrist right away to get proper relief. Call Stuto Foot Specialist located in Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph C. Stuto and Joseph A. Stuto will help determine if you are suffering from skin allergies and set up a treatment plan that is right for you. Call 718-624-7537 or make an appointment online today. Don’t let foot allergies keep you inside.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 11, 2017
Category: foot care tips

In ordinary everyday life, we use our feet and ankles a lot. They get us everywhere we need to go at all sorts of paces. They are so important yet we often forget about them. Sometimes this forgetfulness can cause a problem. This is because when someone uses their feet continuously, over time the foot and the ankle can begin to suffer from injuries. These injuries can range from mild to severe. All of them should be treated by a professional podiatrist for the best results.

  • Sever's Disease – This overuse disease is caused from inflammation of the heel bone. It occurs before the body's skeleton is fully mature. Its main target of attack is the growth plate near where the Achilles tendon attaches itself to the foot. A heel pad, heel cup, rest, ice, stretching, and modified exercising can help this disorder. In order to prevent it from occurring, jumping should be limited. Sometimes, in more severe cases, casting is required for treatment.
  • Plantar Fasciitis – This condition causes inflammation of the sole of the foot also known as the plantar arch. It is most bothersome first thing in the morning and usually gets better throughout the day. It can last for a long or short period of time and can come back in waves if not properly treated. Arch supports, rest, ice, and modified exercises are helpful when treating this condition.
  • Achilles Tendonitis – This painful disorder is caused by the overuse of the Achilles tendon. A lot of jumping typically causes this condition. In most cases, it affects people aged 14 and up. Anti-inflammatory medication, rest, ice, exercise, and stretching can help this condition heal over time.
  • Stress Fracture – Stress fractures occur when the body is subjected to repeated episodes of micro traumas. Usually a sudden increase in exercise will cause these types of fractures. If these fractures are not properly treated, they can become more severe and cause a full fracture to the body part.

Do you play sports and expose your feet to overuse repeatedly? Are you suffering from arch or tendon pain? Then it is time to call Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Dr. Joseph C. Stuto of Stuto Foot Specialist, located in Brooklyn, New York. These highly trained podiatrists will diagnose your overuse injury and get you back up on your feet in no time. Call 718-624-7537 or make an appointment online today. You will not be disappointed.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 04, 2017
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Bunions   blisters   spurs   high heels   osteoarthritis  

Specialist Women have a large array of different types of shoes that they can choose to wear to work. Flats, clogs, sandals, boat shoes, and, most commonly, high heels. High heels are one of the most common types of shoes that women wear to their places of employment. While working long shifts, they keep the heels on the entire time. These high heels are known to be a top cause of foot and ankle problems. Due to the high risk these heels cause, podiatrists try to warn women away from them. Podiatrists see many women every day in their offices due to these high heel induced problems. Some women assume that wider heels are less harmful and that there are tips and tricks to getting around these issues. The reality is all heels can contribute to the deterioration of the foot and can cause osteoarthritis.

What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is the breakdown of the cartilage that is located in the joint. It normally occurs in the ankle and foot joints. High heels are one of the leading causes of this condition. Other potential causes can be obesity, age, genetics, and other types of illness. When the cartilage begins to break down, the joint no longer has a cushion to rely on. This lack of cushion causes bones to begin to rub together and cause a lot of pain and suffering. This pain can then spread to the tissue that surrounds the joint and cause lasting damage.

Does Wearing Wider Heels Help?

Wider heels are not any better for your foot than narrow heels. There may be a little bit less of a chance of an ankle sprain with wider heels, but the risks are essentially the same. If you must wear heels, it is recommended to wear heels that have a heel that is 2 inches or less in height. This reduced height helps the foot stay at a more natural angle and prevents bunions, spurs, blisters, and other conditions that the foot and ankle can suffer from.


  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Decreased motion


Usually, someone with osteoarthritis can only treat the symptoms. Pain medication, injections, and surgery can help assist in the lessening of the pain and suffering of the patient.

Are your feet and ankles swelling and in pain? Do you wear high heels and suffer from the symptoms listed above? It is time to see Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Dr. Joseph C. Stuto of Stuto Foot Specialist located in Brooklyn, New York. Dr. Stuto will assist you in the examination and treatment of your foot and ankle condition. Call 718-624-7537 or make an appointment online today. Your foot health is our top priority.