Podiatrist Blog

Posts for: July, 2017

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
July 25, 2017
Category: foot conditions

When you see a foot you typically also see its arch. The arch is the area of the foot that curves upwards. The arch is made up of tendons. These tendons help form the shape of your foot and attach the heel and footbones.

When you walk and use your feet your arch tends to become more prominent. Sometimes though a foot can have no arch. This instance is called a Fallen Arch or Flat Feet.

How to Test for Fallen Arch

  1. Wet your feet. Make sure you aren’t wearing any socks and your feet are bare.
  2. Step onto a surface that will leave obvious wet footprints. Concrete and pavement tend to be good options.
  3. Look at the footprint that was made. If the entire foot has a print, then it is likely you have Fallen Arches. If only the heel and the forefoot have a print, you probably have a relatively normal arch.


There are many different factors that can cause someone to have Fallen Arches. Sometimes there can be one singular reason and other times there can be a combination of reasons. Some of the reasons are:


Not everyone is bothered by their Fallen Arches. Some cases are mild while others can be extreme. If you feel any of the following symptoms, it would be beneficial to contact an office of podiatry such as Joseph Stuto, DPM in Brooklyn, New York. Dr. Joseph Stuto will examine your feet to help you determine if your arches have fallen.

  • Tired feet
  • Back leg pain
  • Tendency to stand on toes
  • Swollen bottom of the foot
  • Pained feet


In today’s age, there are many different treatment options for flat feet. Orthotics, proper fitting footwear, surgery, stretches, physical therapy, and other options are all widely available. In order to figure out the best treatment for you call Dr. Stuto today at 718-624-7537 or make an appointment online. After all, your feet come first.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
July 20, 2017
Category: foot conditions

Repetitive movements can cause injuries to the hands and wrists. Typing, gaming, construction, hair styling, all have repetitive motions that can cause Carpal Tunnel, as well as other hand and wrist related injuries. Did you know that repetitive movements can cause foot and ankle injuries as well? Jumping, stomping, dancing, running are all repetitive motions that can bring grief and pain to your feet and ankles. Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome is one of these disorders. In certain ways Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome is similar to Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, but occurs in the feet and ankles.

Athletes, dancers, teachers, nurses, cashiers, and other people that are on their feet all day know about Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome all too well. At first their feet ache and are tired. They rest them, adjust their shoes and continue on. Later though, due to its lack of treatment, it flares up and becomes severe. Their feet tingle and go numb on the bottom arch. This limits these professionals from properly doing their jobs and causes them a lot of pain and suffering.

Shoes play a key role in the cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome. The wrong shoes can be detrimental to your feet. Heels, flats, loafers, flipflops, and any other poorly fitting shoes can cause you to experience Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome as well as a variety of other disorders. It is important that you buy a pair of proper fitting shoes that provide ample amounts of support and stability in order to prevent pain. If you are unsure of which shoe is the best for you, contact a podiatrist such as Dr. Joseph Stuto of Joseph Stuto, DPM located in Brooklyn, New York. He can guide you in picking out the best fitting shoes for you.

Have some tingling and numbness on the bottom of your feet? Are your feet achy and tired after a long day? Don’t delay! Call our office today at 718-624-7537 or make an appointment online. We will treat your signs and symptoms after a comprehensive evaluation. Let us get you happy and healthy again.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
July 13, 2017
Category: Foot Facts
Tags: muscles   tendons   ligaments   Achilles Tendon  

Your feet are connected by a network of complex parts. Muscles, tendons, and ligaments are part of this network and help your feet support your joints and foot bones. In total, there are 20 muscles in the foot that give it its shape. These muscles expand and contract when you move. Without them your foot would be useless.

What types of Muscles are there?

  • Anterior Tibial – These muscles allow the foot to move upward.
  • Posterior Tibial – These muscles support the arch.
  • Peroneal Tibial – This muscle type is found on the outer ankle and allows it to move with control.
  • Extensions – These muscles help the toes and ankles raise to take steps.
  • Flexors – These muscles stabilize the toes on the ground.

Small muscles allow the toes to lift and curl while the larger muscles work to give stability and move the foot while walking.

Tendons connect muscles to bones and joints. The Achilles Tendon is the largest and strongest of all the tendons in the feet. This tendon allows for running, jumping, and walking up stairs. It runs from the calf all the way down to the back of the foot and ankle. 

Ligaments hold the tendons in place and stabilize the joints. The longest ligament in the foot is the Plantar Fascia. The Plantar Fascia is the ligament that forms your main arch, also known as the plantar’s arch. The Plantar Fascia allows the arch to curve when it stretches and contracts, which is very useful while walking and moving.

Medial Ligaments (inside ligaments) and lateral ligaments (outside ligaments) improve the stability of the body and feet and enable the foot to move up and down.

Muscles, tendons, and ligaments are a very important part of our foot. Without them, we would not be able to move with our feet. Although we try to be careful, sometimes these muscles, tendons, and ligaments are injured during sports, from an illness, or due to other reasons entirely. It is important to see a podiatrist right away if you suspect that you have injured your muscles, tendons, or ligaments.

Call 718-624-7537 or make an appointment online today. At Joseph Stuto, DPM located in Brooklyn, New York, Dr. Joseph Stuto will examine, diagnose and treat any foot and ankle issue that you may have. Do not wait until it is too late. Your foot and ankle health is important to us.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
July 05, 2017
Category: toe conditions

Podiatrists treat all types of foot and ankle ailments. They can range from sprains, fractures, and breaks to calluses, vascular disorders, and other diseases. There is not much they haven’t seen when it comes to the feet and ankles. As such, they very commonly treat problems with the toe. Toenails specifically are treated on a regular basis. Your toenails are made out of protein, calcium and other substances. They are very thin (only about 1mm or less) and grow constantly. They are very hard due to their sulfur content and the lack of water they have in their composition. Although toenails are tough, they are subject to a lot of different disorders.

Thickening and Discoloration

Are your nails so thick that you can barely clip them? Are they yellowing or becoming less translucent? This may be a sign of nail disease and should be treated by a podiatrist, such as Dr. Joseph Stuto of Joseph Stuto, DPM in Brooklyn, New York. He can examine the nailbed and determine whether the thickening and discoloration is due to disease, age, or fungus.


When you have a green colored nail, you have fungus. Fungus is an infection of the nail. It can cause a nail to thicken and discolor or become brittle and break down. Fungus is hard to treat but is not incurable. Podiatrist’s often use antifungal medications to kill the fungus and prevent it from returning to the nail.

Ingrown Toenail

Another common toenail problem is an ingrown toenail. This is when the nail grows, curves and cuts into or embeds itself into the skin. It can cause an infection that will further harm the toe and that can spread to the foot. Podiatrists can cut the offending nail with special clippers. Sometimes, if the nail is very embedded into the foot, a foot surgery must be performed to remove the nail and prevent infection.

Whether you have a fungus, an ingrown toenail, or your nails just don’t look how they ought to, it is important that you get them checked out by a podiatrist. Call 718-624-7537 or make an appointment online today. Dr. Stuto will examine, diagnose and treat your toenail so you can have one less problem on your plate.