Podiatrist Blog

Posts for: March, 2017

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
March 30, 2017
Category: Foot Facts
Tags: feet size  

These days, it seems like people have bigger feet and are taller than in the past.  I don’t know about you, but teens seem so much taller now than I remember them to be when I was growing up.  Is it the hormones in the milk?  The various preservatives in our food?  It’s hard to tell, but something is definitely different in adolescents now than in the 1970’s with average heights of teens out there, and their seemingly larger feet!

            So, is there a relation between height and shoe size in adolescents?  Shoe size generally is proportional to height, so it’s used in many height-predicting formulas out there.  A lot of the time, these formulas take into account the parents’ height, as well.  However, the results are usually far from reliable.

            Prior to puberty, many kids haven’t had a major growth spurt yet.  In the years following puberty, growth of 3-5 inches each year is common!   A sudden increase in your son’s shoe size at puberty can be indicative of a growth spurt that’s about to happen.  However, shoe size, itself is not a good predictor of your teen’s ultimate height, according to the InteliHealth article “Can We Predict Height?” by Dr. Robert H. Shmerling of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.  In fact, there’s no reliable way to predict a teen’s ultimate height with any precision, according to Shmerling. 

            So, while shoe size is a poor predictor of ultimate height, there is a relationship that exists between the two.  There is a stronger relationship between shoe size and height when you consider girls and boys in separate categories, according to the “Edexcel GCSE Mathematics” textbook by Keith Pledger and Associates.  The formula for boys is height in centimeters equals 4.5 times shoe size plus 140.  Divide your answer by 2.54 to convert it to inches.  You can use this formula to calculate a teen’s existing height based on shoe size or shoe size based on existing height.  Such numbers are estimations, notes Pledger. 

            It’s fun to look at a teen’s shoe size and try to estimate how tall they will be. But truly, nothing but time will really tell.  One thing is definitely true, our feet are super important- big or small! They are often overlooked, until they hurt or itch or get a wart… When these things happen, it’s good to know that skilled podiatrists are out there to help us!  Dr. Joseph Stuto has two convenient Brooklyn locations available for his patients.  Call him if you need him!

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
March 23, 2017
Category: Foot Care
Tags: foot massage   reflexology  

Who doesn’t love a good foot massage, right?!  Having a foot massage can be so relaxing, and stress-relieving.  Especially when we’ve been standing or walking around all day, as our feet often feel sore and tend to swell up.  No one likes sore or swollen feet.  So, everyone enjoys a nice foot massage, right?  But, does it have other benefits heath-wise, other than helping us feel a bit more relaxed and relieving some of the pain?

The answer is YES!  There are several different kinds of massage techniques that promise certain health benefits.  Some therapeutic techniques focus on relaxing the tense muscles and strained joints.  Acupressure helps improve general health and energy flow by acting upon specific pressure points.  Aromatherapy uses scented oils and relaxing music to add an additional element of relaxation to the experience, and touches upon activating multiple senses.  Reflexology, another type of massage, seeks to improve internal organ function by massaging specific areas of the foot that relate to bodily functions. 

Foot massage holds many benefits to the lucky person who is getting one!  Some examples are:

  • It’s great for your sex life!... a foot massage can help the person who is receiving it by helping them forget the stress of their day, and is a great form of foreplay!  The feet are a great starting off point since they can cause mild arousal and offer an easy transition to more powerful erogenous zones- like the back of the knees and inner thighs… & up!
  • It helps improve circulation… the foot muscles don’t get much exercise, & the foot’s circulation is often impaired by tight, constricting shoes.  Foot massage is extremely beneficial, especially, for people with diabetes.
  • It reduces the effects of anxiety and depression…reflexology foot massage, especially, goes beyond putting the person receiving the massage in a relaxed state… it actually alleviates depression and anxiety by significantly reducing both states!

There are many other benefits to be had from getting a good foot massage, the afore-mentioned are only a few!  However, if you are still experiencing foot pain, even after getting a nice foot massage, Dr. Joseph Stuto is here to help!  Come visit us at either of our two convenient Brooklyn locations and Dr. Stuto will be happy to help you with any foot issue you may be having.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
March 21, 2017
Category: Foot Care
Tags: foot issues  

At Brooklyn Podiatrists in Brooklyn, NY, Dr. Joseph Stuto sees a variety of foot-related conditions in his office daily. However, there are a foot problemsfew common conditions that he treats consistently. Those conditions are listed below.


This common foot problem happens when the big toe gradually becomes angled inward, leading to a deformity of its bottom joint. The result is a large, bony bump that develops on the inside of the foot and can be very painful, especially while wearing shoes. While surgery to reduce the bone outgrowth and inflammation is the only way to get rid of a bunion, your podiatrist can recommend high-quality padding and shoe inserts to help minimize pain.


Like bunions, hammertoes are a deformity of toe joints, particularly in the three middle toes. The middle joints of these toes become dislocated due to arthritis, pressure from ill-fitting shoes or other anatomical issues. This causes the toes to bend downward unnaturally; the condition can be very painful, especially while walking. Your Brooklyn podiatrist can help correct hammertoes with shoe insoles, cushioned pads, and light physical therapy. Surgery to reposition the toe joints may be required if the affected toes have lost all range of motion.

Calluses and corns

Over time, the body's immune system will thicken areas of skin that are subject to constant friction. This is to prevent wounds from developing. Unfortunately, when these areas of thick skin, called calluses or corns, develop on the feet, it can be very uncomfortable. While calluses are rough, flat patches of skin, corns are a specific type of callus that is raised and resembles a corn kernel. Dr. Stuto often treats these areas of skin using a combination of topical medication, specially-designed pads and a recommendation for wide and comfortable footwear.

Fungal toenails

Fungus thrives in warm, damp areas, so when the feet are constantly subjected to this type of environment, toenail fungus is apt to develop. It causes discoloration and breakage of the toenails and can cause painful infections if left untreated. To combat fungal toenails, Dr. Stuto typically uses laser treatment and advises patients to always wear protective footwear in locker rooms or public pools.

If you have any of these conditions, Dr. Stuto would be happy to help you. Contact him in Brooklyn, NY, to make an appointment today!

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
March 16, 2017
Category: Foot Injuries

Foot fractures are afflictions that are sometimes overlooked, with the sufferer not being aware of his or her problem. How does this happen, you wonder?  Well, they may feel pain or soreness in their foot, but if the nature of the fracture is not severe, and the sufferer does not have it looked at by a podiatrist, it can be overlooked.  Other times, a foot fracture cannot be missed, as the pain of it simply unbearable.  Some foot fractures end athletes’ careers, and plague them for life.  Others heal nicely, and the person who experienced it is lucky to have it become only a distant memory.  This is the scenario one would obviously hope for. 

When we see patients suffering from foot fractures that are severe, it is always a sad scenario, especially if they are an athlete.  One type of foot fracture we see many athletes suffer from is a “Jones fracture”.  A Jones fracture occurs at the fifth metatarsal in the foot, which is located at the base of the pinky toe.  This is a common fracture for those who are physically active, and is a fairly common injury that podiatrists encounter.  It’s named after orthopedic surgeon Robert Jones, who first identified the injury by self-diagnosis!  He suffered the ailment while dancing, which is why it is also referred to as the “Dancer’s fracture”.  This fracture is often mistaken for a sprain, or an avulsion fracture.  For this reason, it is always important to have your injury diagnosed as soon as possible.  Because the area of the Jones fracture has a very small blood supply, these fractures disrupt that already small blood supply, and due to this, can take much longer to heal!  They may also require surgery for treatment!  Professional athletes suffering from this injury typically miss 6-8 weeks from their season due to the injury.

If you suspect you are suffering from a foot fracture, call Dr. Stuto!  He has two convenient Brooklyn locations for his patients to visit.  So, if you are experiencing foot pain, don’t ignore it… it could be more serious than you realize.  Have it looked at by Dr. Stuto, to make sure you’re not dealing with something more serious than a simple ache and pain… better safe than sorry!  If you have a foot fracture, he can help you get on the road to recovery, as soon as possible.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
March 09, 2017
Category: Foot Care

Does your day keep you constantly on your feet?  So many of our patients come to us with chronically aching feet.  They spend their days standing, walking, rarely sitting down for hours and hours on end.  There are many professions that require this kind of strain on the body- primarily the feet. Chefs, teachers, laborers, retail employees, guides, health care workers, hairdressers… the list goes on and on.  Are you one of these people?  Are your feet crying out for relief?!  Most likely, they are. 

Many of Dr. Stuto’s patients complain of foot pain that stems from their lifestyles.  If your profession requires you to be on your feet all day, it’s hard to avoid the stress that your feet endure.  You can end up with cramping, plantar fasciitis, and excessive calluses to name a few.  Your ankles and legs may cramp and feel strained.  

Well, there are some simple actions you can take to help your poor feet not always “take the heat!”  

  1. WEAR COMFORTABLE AND SUPPORTIVE SHOES!!  This one deserves all caps, as it is so simple, yet many people fail to do so. Especially the ladies. Too often, fashionable shoes are not comfortable. Yet, this is not always the case. There are plenty of shoe styles that are trendy and fashionable, but still comfortable! The biggest rule of thumb with this one is to avoid high heels.
  2. IF YOU MUST WEAR HIGH HEELS, put orthopedic inserts into them!  This provides some extra cushion. Also, bring an extra pair of flats with you to work so that you may switch out throughout the day. By simply doing this, your feet get a break from time to time!  IT HELPS!!
  3. WHENEVER POSSIBLE, STRETCH!  Any time you can, do some simple leg, ankle and foot exercises. Flex and release your foot, moving it back and forth, and in circular motions. Stretching is a simple thing that can make a big difference.
  4. WHENEVER POSSIBLE, MASSAGE YOUR FEET (or better yet, have someone else do it) ☺
  5. AT NIGHT, SOAK YOUR FEET IN WARM WATER, use Epsom salts if available.

By taking these actions, you can help your feet get a little relief!  However, sometimes foot pain lingers on and we just can’t seem to get a handle on it.  This is our signal to call the podiatrist, and let a professional help!  Dr. Stuto’s two convenient Brooklyn locations make it easy to get the help you need.  Call us or request an appointment, when that pesky foot pain just won’t let up- help is only a phone call away!