Podiatrist Blog

Posts for category: foot pain

By Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry
January 06, 2021
Category: foot pain

Every foot tells a story – it can reveal the secrets behind your most common foot concerns. And because January is Thyroid Awareness Month, today Dr. Joseph C. Stuto, Dr. Joseph A. Stuto, Dr. Lisa Fuchs, and Dr. Momna Younas at Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry in Brooklyn, NY, are sharing how pain in your feet can be a sign of developing thyroid disorder – also known as hypothyroidism -- and what to look for before you go see your doctor or podiatrist for a formal diagnosis.

What is hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism commonly occurs when your thyroid, a small, butterfly-shaped gland in the neck just below Adam's apple (larynx), becomes underactive and does not produce enough hormones to meet the body’s metabolic changes and needs. The lack of hormones in the body can cause chemical imbalances and lead to metabolism and autoimmune disorders. Any abnormality or dysfunction in these hormones can have adverse effects on your overall health, including your foot health.

Primary symptoms of hypothyroidism include:

  • Sensitive to temperature variations (cold feet)
  • Dry, flaky feet
  • Muscles aches and cramps
  • Weight gain
  • Enlarged thyroid
  • Hair loss
  • Tiredness and weakness

A minor foot problem can reveal signs of underlying health issues that, if caught early, can save your life. If you have a history of thyroid disease or are experiencing any of the above symptoms, it’s best to see your foot doctor for diagnosis and treatment. An untreated underactive thyroid can cause long term complications, including depression and heart disease.

Anything related to your thyroid deserves our utmost attention. A careful diagnosis is important. Contact Dr. Joseph C. Stuto, Dr. Joseph A. Stuto, Dr. Lisa Fuchs, and Dr. Momna Younas of Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry to schedule your very first appointment for 2021! We are here to help you with all your foot and ankle problems. Our two offices are located at 100 Remsen St Brooklyn, New York 11201 and 9036 7th Avenue Brooklyn, NY 11228.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
May 08, 2019
Category: foot pain
Tags: foot cramps  

Have you ever experienced a sudden tightening of your foot or leg muscles in such a way that you needed to hold them or rub them to bring your muscles back to their original place? These muscle constrictions are known as “foot cramps” and, needless to mention, their occurrence is excruciatingly painful.

Why do foot cramps occur? Here are a few common causes:

  • Staying hydrated is crucial for our body to perform its functions properly. One of the main reasons for foot or leg cramps is dehydration, especially when the water supply is not replenished during or after exercise and strenuous work-outs.
  • A condition called “lumbar stenosis” could be the reason for your cramps. This is when your spine narrows its passage causing nervous compression in the areas connecting the lower back and your legs.
  • Insufficient supply of minerals to your muscles also causes cramps. Minerals like magnesium, calcium, potassium, etc. are essential for the proper functionality of the muscles. Certain medications also tend to use up the mineral storage from our bodies, leading to dehydration and cramps.
  • Foot cramps can also be attributed to poor blood flow in your legs and feet. This state is worsened if you are experiencing artery or vein compression which results in fluid accumulation around your feet and ankles.

Usually, we tend to take cramps lightly as they occur for a few (though seemingly endless) minutes. However, if you feel that their frequency is increasing or their duration is longer, then it is advised that you visit your podiatrist and get your feet examined thoroughly.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM, we specialize in treating a range of foot and ankle-related conditions with years of experience and excellent results. Our board-certified podiatrist Dr. Joseph Stuto is committed to providing patients of all ages with state-of-the-art diagnostic and treatment options. We have two offices conveniently located in Brooklyn: (718)624-7537 (Brooklyn Heights) and (718)567-1403 (Brooklyn). Call or visit us at your ease and convenience and say goodbye to foot cramps!

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
June 27, 2018
Category: foot pain
Tags: Bunions   shoe   podiatrist   pain   overused   joint   inflammation   metatarsal bones  

We all need our feet every day. Not only do you need your feet to walk to the car, to drive, and to get to your workplace, you also need them to chase children, haul in groceries, and clean the house. Your feet are an essential part of your daily routine, and when they begin to experience pain, they can slow you down and change your routine drastically. A common pain that is felt in tired and overused feet is known as synovitis.

If you feel a sharp or aching pain centered at the bottom of the second toe, directly in the ball of the foot, then you may be experiencing the pain of synovitis. This pain can indicate an even bigger problem. That is, it can indicate that the toe bones are separating from the long metatarsal bones within the foot.

One frequent cause of synovitis is increased and excessive pressure and stress on the bones of the foot. This can be due to exercise, a new job, or any other similar increase in activity. The ligaments begin to break down and become permanently damaged. This loosens their hold on the bones and allows them to separate over time.

Exercise isn’t always the only culprit for the cause of synovitis. Wearing high-heeled shoes, getting bunions, having a high arch or having a long second toe can cause stress on the foot and lead to this condition. Even rheumatoid arthritis can lead to synovitis.

Symptoms of synovitis are a sharp pain in the ball of the foot, inflammation and feeling like there is a stone in one’s shoe when walking.

Treating synovitis is not impossible, but in most cases surgery is not necessary. Sometimes very severe cases of synovitis may require surgery to heal the affected foot. Common treatments that podiatrists may prescribe include splinting, icing, or taping of the joint. Sometimes a cast, a boot, crutches or other forms of immobilization are needed to help the healing process.

If you suspect that you are suffering from synovitis, call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto can heal your synovitis. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
June 13, 2018
Category: foot pain
Tags: orthotics   swelling   hurt   bone   flat foot   arch pain  

Walking around with pain in your feet can be very aggravating. First, you want to know what is causing your feet to hurt. Second, it is disrupting the flow of your day. Foot pain can make it hard to walk, stand, or bear weight. This can have a direct impact on your job and responsibilities. If you are plagued by flat feet and are experiencing foot pain, you could be suffering from accessory navicular pain.

What Is the Accessory Navicular?

Sometimes when the foot is formed inside the womb, it creates an extra piece of bone or cartilage. This bonus part of the foot can be found on the inside of the inner foot near the arch. It is located close to a tendon and, due to rubbing and foot formation, can become inflamed and painful over time. Not everyone is born with this extra bone.

What Causes Accessory Navicular Pain?

  • Foot or ankle trauma
  • Improperly fitting footwear
  • Overuse or extreme exercise
  • Flat-footedness

Signs and Symptoms of Accessory Navicular Syndrome

Symptoms usually appear during early adolescence. This is because the body is developing, and as the foot develops it becomes more evident that the extra bone is there and taking up space. This bone can begin to get aggravated and swell. A young adult will start complaining of foot pain and could have a hard time walking. Other symptoms include:


  • Orthotics -  These are custom made for each individual foot. They are seamlessly inserted into the shoe and are worn every day. They can help to alleviate stress and pain in the arch and reduce swelling and inflammation.
  • Physical Therapy – A podiatrist may ask you to begin physical therapy if you come to the office with this condition. Physical therapy can build up the strength of the foot which can help alleviate pain.
  • Ice – A podiatrist may have you ice your foot regularly to help reduce inflammation, redness, and swelling.
  • Immobilization – in severe cases, immobilization may be required. This can be in the form of an air cast or a splint. A podiatrist will teach you how to properly immobilize your foot to help it heal.

Pain in the foot does not have to get you down. Instead, call our office to make an appointment to get rid of the pain that an accessory navicular can cause. Call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto can help get your accessory navicular pain in control. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
June 06, 2018
Category: foot pain

Getting a diagnosis of metatarsalgia can be very nerve-wracking and confusing. Not only does it describe a group of symptoms, but it can leave you with more questions than you started your appointment with. Metatarsalgia is actually a group of symptoms that affect the feet. People diagnosed with this condition usually show signs of pain, swelling and inflammation of the foot. There are many different things that can contribute to this condition and some of them are due to lifestyle habits and underlying conditions. Here are three of the most common scenarios and a breakdown of why they cause this pain.

Stress Fractures - when a stress fracture occurs in the toe or metatarsal bones, pain is often immediate. This pain causes a person to change their gait to accommodate the injury. This gait change causes excess pressure to build up on the back of the foot and cause the swelling, inflammation and pain known with this condition. Stress fractures often occur in athletes or individuals who endure large amounts of pressure and stress for long periods of time. This is why it is common to see athletes with these injuries.

Your Foot Shape is Affecting You - if you have high arches or flat feet, then it is likely that you will be dealing with these symptoms at least once in your life. High-arched feet sometimes have longer metatarsal bones which cause more pressure on the forefoot. This pressure can cause inflammation and swelling in that area.

Inflammatory Disorders - conditions such as gout and arthritis are known to cause inflammation. This can cause pain in the bottom of the foot and lead to this diagnosis.

Other contributors

Sometimes a combination of the factors listed above can cause metatarsalgia. In order to determine whether or not this is the case for you, it is important to see a podiatrist to get a proper diagnosis. Not only can they diagnose your condition, but they can also help you treat the symptoms.

Don’t have a podiatrist? Call us today. Call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto can help get to the bottom of your bottom foot pain. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today.