Podiatrist Blog

Posts for category: foot conditions

By Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry
November 23, 2020
Category: foot conditions
Tags: flat feet  

Trying to find shoes to fit flat feet can prove challenging. The insides can rub against the bottom of your foot, and you may experience pain in the heel with each step. Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Dr. Joseph C. Stuto offers an array of treatment options for podiatry patients at their practice, Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry, in Brooklyn, NY.

What are flat feet? 
Flat feet occur when your arches fall or you have little-to-no arches. Some individuals are born with flat feet and others have very flexible feet, and so their arches spread readily with each step. Many people that have flat feet do not experience discomfort.

How do I know I need treatment? 
Some patients may find that their flat feet are causing them more pain than they would like. This pain can be found in the foot, or in the lower back, and even the hips.

Here are some reasons why you might seek treatment for your flat feet: 

  • Pain in the bottom of the foot in the morning or after standing for long periods.
  • Overpronation of the foot.
  • Running or jumping on hard surfaces without any support.
  • Weak foot muscles.
  • Arthritis
  • Flat feet at birth
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy

What are my treatment options?

Wearing orthotics to support the foot, doing exercises to strengthen the whole foot, and managing your weight if necessary are all ways to alleviate pain caused by flat feet.

While taking over the counter medication may alleviate acute soreness, chronic pain usually needs another treatment plan. In certain cases, you may need surgery to correct any structural imbalances in the foot that are causing it to flatten. Flat feet can be managed and treated.

Contact Dr. Stuto and Dr. Stuto at Stuto Foot Specialists Podiatry, in Remsen St, Brooklyn, NY, at (718) 624-7537, or our 7th Avenue at (718) 567-1403. 

By Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry
November 03, 2020
Category: foot conditions

Swollen feet can happen for a variety of reasons. It may result from the stress and pressure of being on your feet all day long or playing sports. All of this foot action can cause your feet to balloon up like Astronaut Snoopy at the Thanksgiving Day Parade. Swollen feet may also be a sign of an underlying condition that requires treatment. If your swelling is constant or reoccurs from time to time, have it checked out by your podiatrist right away.

Here are five reasons for your feet and ankles to swell:

  1. Systemic disease: Heart disease, kidney damage, and liver disease can cause swelling in your feet and ankles.

  2. Obesity: Another common reason for swollen feet is obesity. Weight gain can cause a host of foot problems, including swollen feet. The extra weight you're carrying can cause undue stress and pressure on the feet, which results in fluid retention in the lower extremities.

  3. Pregnancy: During pregnancy, most women experience swelling in their feet and ankles. The weight of the growing baby and hormonal changes causes a buildup of fluid, which results in swelling of the feet. See your podiatrist for any concerns you may have.

  4. Medications: Sometimes, the body can have an allergic reaction to a medicine, causing swollen feet and ankles. Check with your podiatrist if you suspect this is the case.

  5. Foot injury: Many times, a foot injury can cause swelling of your feet and ankles. It could be anything from a fracture to a sprained ankle.

Swollen feet are unpleasant and can be sensitive to touch. If you notice any swelling around your feet or have concerns about your foot health, contact Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry. Our board-certified podiatrists, Dr. Joseph C. Stuto, Dr. Joseph A. Stuto, Dr. Lisa Fuchs, and Dr. Momna Younas, can help you end your struggles with swollen feet. Contact us at (718) 624-7537 to schedule a convenient appointment or visit any of our offices in Brooklyn, NY.

 

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
June 29, 2020
Category: foot conditions

Summers are all about outdoor activities and water-related fun. With exposed feet, you need to practice extra care and caution.

If you notice any rough and scaly skin on the heels or other weight-bearing areas of your feet, the chances are that you have developed plantar warts. Today Dr. Joseph Stuto at Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry is sharing some of the primary causes for plantar warts and steps you can take to avoid this condition.

What are some common causes of plantar warts?

Plantar warts are caused due to a virus (HPV) that breaks in the outer layer of the skin or other weak spots on the bottom of your feet. If you have a healthy immune system, some plantar warts can go away on their own. They can also become irritated and painful if left untreated.

  • Excessive pressure caused by inappropriate or poorly supported footwear can damage the skin of your soles and result in its thickening.
  • If the issue is not addressed, and the skin is subjected to pressure persistently, calluses can form over the wart, making it extremely painful and prone to further infection.
  • The virus can quickly enter the skin if you have cracked skin or cuts under your feet. Walking barefoot in public areas like swimming pools, changing rooms, or shower stalls can greatly increase your risk of catching the infection.

What can I do to prevent warts?

Foot hygiene is crucial to fight and prevent any foot condition, especially plantar warts.

  • Avoid direct contact with warts. Wash your feet and hands daily to avoid the spread of the virus.

  • Make sure you don’t wear the same shoes for two or more days. Let your shoes air-dry properly before you wear them again. Use antifungal spray inside closed shoes to kill any bacteria or fungus that may be present inside.

  • Wear clean and dry socks and shoes.

  • Make sure you do not share your footwear, towel, and socks with others as these infections are highly contagious.

Don’t take any chances – if you think you have a plantar wart, contact any of our two offices in Brooklyn, NY, at (718) 624-7537 or (718) 567-1403 without delay.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 09, 2019
Category: foot conditions
Tags: arch pain   plantar fascia  

We have heard how complex the structure of our feet is. But did you know that the arch too has an intricate structure layered with muscles and tissues? Two ligaments run along the length of your feet, whereas one goes across the width. This means that if you feel arch pain or discomfort in your arches, there could be multiple reasons causing it since the entire area under your feet is at risk.

One more thing to note is that pain in the arches can occur suddenly or aggravate over time due to any of the following reasons:

  • Plantar fascia, a ligament connecting the heel to the toes, may be damaged or inflamed due to excessive and repetitive physical activity;
  • Muscle damage also occurs if you do not take breaks between workouts or even your daily work routines to relax your feet and ease the load off them. Injuries, sprains or stress fractures are possible outcomes too if you are reckless with your feet.
  • Being overweight also exposes your feet to the risk of heel and arch pain.
  • Your footwear is essential in determining the health of your feet. Shoes that are too tight or too big put your heels, arches and toes under stress. High heels are likely to hurt your arches and the balls of your toes due to extra stress. Bone structure deformities are also usually attributed to inappropriate footwear.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM, Dr. Joseph Stuto recommends using customized orthotic inserts and provide a range of other treatments to help mitigate pain and discomfort from your feet. Our experts are experienced in treating a variety of foot and ankle related conditions such as sports injuries and stress fractures, Achilles tendonitis, fungal infections, shin splints, neuroma, deformities, arthritis and more. For more information, examination and treatment options, contact our offices located in Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537 and Brooklyn (718) 567-1403 and schedule your appointment today.

Summertime brings out open and strappy shoes for men and women alike. However, some people, notably women, may be reluctant to wear summer’s breezy footwear. This may be because of certain foot conditions that are unpleasant either physically or visually.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM, we have identified the most common recurring foot conditions and remedial measures to protect your feet.

  1. Fungal Toenail Infections: If you notice any changes in the color, thickness or texture of your toenails, there is a likelihood that your toenails are infected. While this may not hurt, however, it can spread very quickly to other toenails if not treated in a timely manner. Consult your podiatrist for the most appropriate course of treatment that will depend on the severity of the infection and how far it has spread.
  2. Bunions: This condition is characterized by the protrusion of the bone on the big toe’s joint which pushes the big toe towards the other toes, causing pain and discomfort. If caution is not exercised, the condition will worsen. Get your feet examined by your foot doctor to see if it can be controlled through orthotic devices or if a surgical procedure is required.
  3. Pump Bump: Also known as the “Haglund’s Deformity”, this bump occurs due to constant friction between the back of the heel and the hard walls at the back of the shoes. It is advised to wear backless shoes for a while to reduce the inflammation and swelling.
  4. Hammertoes: This deformity arises mostly due to wearing ill-fitted or constricted shoes for extended periods. The affected toe will tend to bend downwards. Other reasons such as arthritis, injury or nerve damage could also cause this condition. Depending on the severity, your doctor can prescribe toe pads or opt for surgery.

If you have any concerns or questions regarding your feet, contact our board-certified podiatrist Dr. Joseph Stuto right away. Visit us or contact our offices located in Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537 and Brooklyn (718) 567-1403 and schedule a convenient appointment. Feel free to browse through our patient library and blog section on our website, where we help keep our patients informed on podiatry issues and help them make better decisions regarding their health and well-being.