Posts for category: foot conditions
Summers are all about outdoor activities and water-related fun. With exposed feet, you need to practice extra care and caution.
If you notice any rough and scaly skin on the heels or other weight-bearing areas of your feet, the chances are that you have developed plantar warts. Today Dr. Joseph Stuto at Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry is sharing some of the primary causes for plantar warts and steps you can take to avoid this condition.
What are some common causes of plantar warts?
Plantar warts are caused due to a virus (HPV) that breaks in the outer layer of the skin or other weak spots on the bottom of your feet. If you have a healthy immune system, some plantar warts can go away on their own. They can also become irritated and painful if left untreated.
- Excessive pressure caused by inappropriate or poorly supported footwear can damage the skin of your soles and result in its thickening.
- If the issue is not addressed, and the skin is subjected to pressure persistently, calluses can form over the wart, making it extremely painful and prone to further infection.
- The virus can quickly enter the skin if you have cracked skin or cuts under your feet. Walking barefoot in public areas like swimming pools, changing rooms, or shower stalls can greatly increase your risk of catching the infection.
What can I do to prevent warts?
Foot hygiene is crucial to fight and prevent any foot condition, especially plantar warts.
Avoid direct contact with warts. Wash your feet and hands daily to avoid the spread of the virus.
Make sure you don’t wear the same shoes for two or more days. Let your shoes air-dry properly before you wear them again. Use antifungal spray inside closed shoes to kill any bacteria or fungus that may be present inside.
Wear clean and dry socks and shoes.
Make sure you do not share your footwear, towel, and socks with others as these infections are highly contagious.
We have heard how complex the structure of our feet is. But did you know that the arch too has an intricate structure layered with muscles and tissues? Two ligaments run along the length of your feet, whereas one goes across the width. This means that if you feel arch pain or discomfort in your arches, there could be multiple reasons causing it since the entire area under your feet is at risk.
One more thing to note is that pain in the arches can occur suddenly or aggravate over time due to any of the following reasons:
- Plantar fascia, a ligament connecting the heel to the toes, may be damaged or inflamed due to excessive and repetitive physical activity;
- Muscle damage also occurs if you do not take breaks between workouts or even your daily work routines to relax your feet and ease the load off them. Injuries, sprains or stress fractures are possible outcomes too if you are reckless with your feet.
- Being overweight also exposes your feet to the risk of heel and arch pain.
- Your footwear is essential in determining the health of your feet. Shoes that are too tight or too big put your heels, arches and toes under stress. High heels are likely to hurt your arches and the balls of your toes due to extra stress. Bone structure deformities are also usually attributed to inappropriate footwear.
At Joseph Stuto, DPM, Dr. Joseph Stuto recommends using customized orthotic inserts and provide a range of other treatments to help mitigate pain and discomfort from your feet. Our experts are experienced in treating a variety of foot and ankle related conditions such as sports injuries and stress fractures, Achilles tendonitis, fungal infections, shin splints, neuroma, deformities, arthritis and more. For more information, examination and treatment options, contact our offices located in Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537 and Brooklyn (718) 567-1403 and schedule your appointment today.
Summertime brings out open and strappy shoes for men and women alike. However, some people, notably women, may be reluctant to wear summer’s breezy footwear. This may be because of certain foot conditions that are unpleasant either physically or visually.
At Joseph Stuto, DPM, we have identified the most common recurring foot conditions and remedial measures to protect your feet.
- Fungal Toenail Infections: If you notice any changes in the color, thickness or texture of your toenails, there is a likelihood that your toenails are infected. While this may not hurt, however, it can spread very quickly to other toenails if not treated in a timely manner. Consult your podiatrist for the most appropriate course of treatment that will depend on the severity of the infection and how far it has spread.
- Bunions: This condition is characterized by the protrusion of the bone on the big toe’s joint which pushes the big toe towards the other toes, causing pain and discomfort. If caution is not exercised, the condition will worsen. Get your feet examined by your foot doctor to see if it can be controlled through orthotic devices or if a surgical procedure is required.
- Pump Bump: Also known as the “Haglund’s Deformity”, this bump occurs due to constant friction between the back of the heel and the hard walls at the back of the shoes. It is advised to wear backless shoes for a while to reduce the inflammation and swelling.
- Hammertoes: This deformity arises mostly due to wearing ill-fitted or constricted shoes for extended periods. The affected toe will tend to bend downwards. Other reasons such as arthritis, injury or nerve damage could also cause this condition. Depending on the severity, your doctor can prescribe toe pads or opt for surgery.
If you have any concerns or questions regarding your feet, contact our board-certified podiatrist Dr. Joseph Stuto right away. Visit us or contact our offices located in Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537 and Brooklyn (718) 567-1403 and schedule a convenient appointment. Feel free to browse through our patient library and blog section on our website, where we help keep our patients informed on podiatry issues and help them make better decisions regarding their health and well-being.
Shockwave therapy. You may have heard about it from a friend who has had a kidney stone, but did you know that Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy is a trusted podiatric treatment as well? At Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry in Brooklyn, NY, Dr. Joseph C. Stuto and Dr. Joseph A. Stuto use ESWT in the office to treat a variety of foot and ankle conditions—especially plantar fasciitis.
What is plantar fasciitis?
Affecting one in 10 American adults according to the American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons, plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the connective tissue between the heel bone and base of the toes, and it can cause considerable pain, loss of feeling, tenderness, and swelling.
Unfortunately, many patients spend considerable time and effort dealing with their conditions, only to find little to no relief. So, at Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry in Brooklyn, we offer Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy as an adjunct to, or replacement for, customized shoe orthotics, anti-inflammatory medications, injections, and other common treatments.
Many adult patients qualify for ESWT. A complete podiatric exam, X-ray imaging, and a review of medical history will tell Dr. Soto if the procedure is both safe for you and has a good chance of succeeding. People with reduced sensitivity and circulation in their feet, take blood thinners, have a cardiac pacemaker, or who exhibit open sores or wounds cannot undergo this procedure. Also, women who are pregnant should postpone treatment until after they deliver their babies.
Regarding the treatment, it takes place in its entirety in the office with the benefit of local anesthetic or light sedation. Used since 2000 in the United States, ESWT delivers short, intense bursts of sound waves to selected areas of inflammation. The aim? ESWT helps:
- Increase circulation
- Speed healing
- Reduce tenderness and harmful swelling
Afterwards, patients can return home (with an adult driver) and resume most of their normal routines the next day. However, they should postpone very strenuous activities, such as gym workouts, for a couple of weeks.
At Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry's Brooklyn practices, you'll be well treated and can take advantage of up-to-date, innovative treatments such as shockwave therapy. For a personal consultation on your plantar fasciitis or other persistent podiatric conditions, please call our office team at (718) 624-7537.
Foot odor or smelly feet is a common problem faced by almost everyone around the world. The unpleasant odor can make you self-conscious and even disrupt your day-to-day interactions with others. Sweat alone doesn’t have a scent; it is the bacteria that eat the sweat which produces a strong and pungent-smelling odor.
Here are some of the key factors that may contribute to having smelly feet:
- Stress/Anxiety: During high anxiety and stressful situations, our body tends to produce sweat from the apocrine glands which are usually found in your armpit or genital region. These glands secrete a much thicker sweat that has a high concentration of lipids, proteins, and fat. This provides good feed for bacteria, yet terrible news for the person sitting alongside you.
- Infections: Fungal infections and their poor monitoring can contribute to bad foot odor.
- Shoes: The sweat from your foot usually gets trapped inside your shoes. The bacteria feast on the sweat accumulation on your feet, causing smelly feet. Shoes made with synthetic materials can easily trap the sweat, not allowing it to evaporate. Switch your shoes from time to time, especially athletic shoes, allowing them to air out properly before you slide them back on.
- Hyperhidrosis: This is a skin condition where you sweat profusely. The accumulation of sweat or moisture on your feet fuels fungal and bacterial infections. The bacteria upon consuming the sweat create bad odors.
- Poor hygiene: Poor podiatric hygiene is often the culprit for smelly feet. A good foot care routine helps you part ways with bacteria and sweat.
If you have a severe case of smelly feet, you might want to talk with your podiatrist about the next level of care.
If you are suffering from an unpleasant foot odor or think that one of the above factors is affecting your foot health, come to Joseph Stuto, DPM in Brooklyn, NY. Dr. Joseph Stuto, our board-certified podiatrist, specializes in all sorts of foot-related problems such as arthritis, toe deformities, skin disorders, and crush injuries. For more information on foot odor and foot health, call (718) 567 1403 or browse through our extensive patient library online.