Podiatrist Blog

Posts for category: foot conditions, foot pain

Muscle cramps can be extremely painful and last for a while before subsiding. The most common reason for leg and foot cramps is dehydration. Therefore, it is very important to drink plenty of water and rehydrating fluids so that your muscles retain their elasticity.

However, if you are experiencing these cramps more frequently than before, here are a few other causes that you should keep in mind:      

  • Poor blood circulation: Often associated with Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD), restricted blood flow can cause cramps in the lower limbs. These tend to worsen during physical exertion like in exercise routines. Therefore, staying hydrated is of utmost importance so that blood circulation improves and cramps can be avoided.
  • Deficiencies: Your muscles require a healthy supply of several minerals including magnesium, calcium, and potassium. Lack of these minerals also leads to the occurrence of cramps. Consult your foot doctor to recommend supplements and ensure a healthy diet so that your body gets ample replenishment.
  • Diabetic nerve damage: Also referred to as peripheral nerve damage, this problem can constrict your nerves alongside restricting blood flow resulting in leg and foot cramps. Pinched nerves not only cause pain but can result in numbness and lack of sensation in the feet.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM, we have seen that patients tend to mistake sprains and arch pain with muscle cramps. If you are experiencing cramps or are suffering from pain but are unsure about the cause, we urge you to visit your podiatrist right away.

Our highly-qualified podiatrist Dr. Joseph Stuto is trained and certified to treat a wide range of foot and ankle issues including bone deformities, joint pain, ingrown toenails, heel or arch issues and more. Feel free to contact us for high-quality foot and ankle care at our offices located in Brooklyn Heights (718) 624-7537 and Brooklyn (718) 567-1403, New York for your ease and convenience. For more extensive information on podiatry related topics, visit our patient library and blogs section.


By Joseph Stuto, DPM
July 02, 2018
Tags: Lisfranc Injury   Blistering   Sprain  

Getting into a motor vehicle accident can be a very scary occurrence. Not only is it very stressful, but it can also cause a physical injury to the body, especially the feet. When a car gets into a collision, it is likely that the body of the car is crushed in and sometimes the passenger in the car suffers from that impact. One common traumatic injury that can occur from a car accident is called a Lisfranc injury.

The Lisfranc joint is the area of the foot where the long metatarsal bones and the arch bones connect. There is also a ligament in this area known as the Lisfranc ligament. Its job is to hold these bones together and to aid in flexibility and mobility.


Automotive accidents, military members, runners, jockeys and horseback riders, football players and athletes in other contact sports are all at risk for this injury. This is because Lisfranc injuries occur from a traumatic force on the foot.

3 Types of Lisfranc Injuries

  1. Sprains can plague the Lisfranc joint. When the muscles are stretched out and weakened, they can cause a sprain which has symptoms that include pain, inflammation and joint instability.
  2. Fractures occur when a small piece of the bone chips off or when the fracture penetrates the whole bone on the midfoot. It can be very painful and often needs an x-ray for diagnosis.
  3. If there is enough force, the Lisfranc bones can be forced away from each other and become dislocated. A podiatrist can help set these bones back into place.


  • Swelling
  • Pain when pressure is applied
  • Unable to bear weight on foot
  • Bruising
  • Blistering
  • Foot suddenly becomes wider

Treatment Options

A Lisfranc injury should be treated by a trained podiatrist as soon as possible. If the injury worsens, it can permanently affect a person’s overall mobility.  A podiatrist may suggest some of the following treatments to help heal this type of injury.

  • Immobilization – this prevents the foot from moving around and aids in the healing process.
  • Over-the-counter or prescribed medications to help deal with pain and swelling.
  • The use of ice and elevation to reduce swelling and pain.

Lisfranc injuries can be very painful, but they are treatable. If you suspect that you have sustained a Lisfranc injury, call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto can diagnose your Lisfranc Injury. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
November 15, 2017
Tags: Stress Fracture   podiatry  

In the medical world, there are scientists and researchers who dedicate their life’s work to specific causes. Some of them focus on cancers whiles others focus on sports related injuries. The types of research range and vary from scientists to scientist. Every piece of research is carefully recorded and stored in hopes of use later in a breakthrough.

One notable area of research that is being conducted is the study of stress fractures to help better prevent injury. This study uses military personnel by the Department of Defense. Although the test base is specific, this study and its findings have made a wave for podiatry as a whole.

In 1997 “Bone Health and Military Medical Readiness” was started to help solve the problem of stress fractures from overuse. The goal of the program was to completely eliminate the possibility of getting a stress fracture.

A stress fracture occurs when the muscles cannot take on an entire strain that the foot is undergoing. The muscle then gives that excess strain to the bones and it causes the bone to crack.

The study started with non-invasive approaches such as advanced x-rays, bone density scans and MRIs. They found that bone density had a direct correlation with the likeliness that an individual would receive a stress fracture. This allowed the scientists and podiatrists to know that the right nutrition for your bones is important to help prevent stress fractures.

The study has not yet concluded but has helped podiatrists all over. This research material and its findings have allowed podiatrists to advise patients on better nutritional habits to help promote bone health and density. Without such research, our feet and those of our military would be all the worse for wear.

Are you constantly on your feet? Are you or do you know a veteran who suffers from a stress fracture? Do not wait to take action - a trained podiatrist can help. Contact Joseph C. Stuto, DPM and Joseph A. Stuto, DPM of Stuto Foot & Ankle Group, located in Brooklyn, New York. Making an appointment is easy call 718-624-7537 or make an appointment online today. Don’t let stress fractures stress you out.