Podiatrist Blog

Posts for category: Foot Facts

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
July 13, 2017
Category: Foot Facts
Tags: muscles   tendons   ligaments   Achilles Tendon  

Your feet are connected by a network of complex parts. Muscles, tendons, and ligaments are part of this network and help your feet support your joints and foot bones. In total, there are 20 muscles in the foot that give it its shape. These muscles expand and contract when you move. Without them your foot would be useless.

What types of Muscles are there?

  • Anterior Tibial – These muscles allow the foot to move upward.
  • Posterior Tibial – These muscles support the arch.
  • Peroneal Tibial – This muscle type is found on the outer ankle and allows it to move with control.
  • Extensions – These muscles help the toes and ankles raise to take steps.
  • Flexors – These muscles stabilize the toes on the ground.

Small muscles allow the toes to lift and curl while the larger muscles work to give stability and move the foot while walking.

Tendons connect muscles to bones and joints. The Achilles Tendon is the largest and strongest of all the tendons in the feet. This tendon allows for running, jumping, and walking up stairs. It runs from the calf all the way down to the back of the foot and ankle. 

Ligaments hold the tendons in place and stabilize the joints. The longest ligament in the foot is the Plantar Fascia. The Plantar Fascia is the ligament that forms your main arch, also known as the plantar’s arch. The Plantar Fascia allows the arch to curve when it stretches and contracts, which is very useful while walking and moving.

Medial Ligaments (inside ligaments) and lateral ligaments (outside ligaments) improve the stability of the body and feet and enable the foot to move up and down.

Muscles, tendons, and ligaments are a very important part of our foot. Without them, we would not be able to move with our feet. Although we try to be careful, sometimes these muscles, tendons, and ligaments are injured during sports, from an illness, or due to other reasons entirely. It is important to see a podiatrist right away if you suspect that you have injured your muscles, tendons, or ligaments.

Call 718-624-7537 or make an appointment online today. At Joseph Stuto, DPM located in Brooklyn, New York, Dr. Joseph Stuto will examine, diagnose and treat any foot and ankle issue that you may have. Do not wait until it is too late. Your foot and ankle health is important to us.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
March 30, 2017
Category: Foot Facts
Tags: feet size  

These days, it seems like people have bigger feet and are taller than in the past.  I don’t know about you, but teens seem so much taller now than I remember them to be when I was growing up.  Is it the hormones in the milk?  The various preservatives in our food?  It’s hard to tell, but something is definitely different in adolescents now than in the 1970’s with average heights of teens out there, and their seemingly larger feet!

            So, is there a relation between height and shoe size in adolescents?  Shoe size generally is proportional to height, so it’s used in many height-predicting formulas out there.  A lot of the time, these formulas take into account the parents’ height, as well.  However, the results are usually far from reliable.

            Prior to puberty, many kids haven’t had a major growth spurt yet.  In the years following puberty, growth of 3-5 inches each year is common!   A sudden increase in your son’s shoe size at puberty can be indicative of a growth spurt that’s about to happen.  However, shoe size, itself is not a good predictor of your teen’s ultimate height, according to the InteliHealth article “Can We Predict Height?” by Dr. Robert H. Shmerling of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.  In fact, there’s no reliable way to predict a teen’s ultimate height with any precision, according to Shmerling. 

            So, while shoe size is a poor predictor of ultimate height, there is a relationship that exists between the two.  There is a stronger relationship between shoe size and height when you consider girls and boys in separate categories, according to the “Edexcel GCSE Mathematics” textbook by Keith Pledger and Associates.  The formula for boys is height in centimeters equals 4.5 times shoe size plus 140.  Divide your answer by 2.54 to convert it to inches.  You can use this formula to calculate a teen’s existing height based on shoe size or shoe size based on existing height.  Such numbers are estimations, notes Pledger. 

            It’s fun to look at a teen’s shoe size and try to estimate how tall they will be. But truly, nothing but time will really tell.  One thing is definitely true, our feet are super important- big or small! They are often overlooked, until they hurt or itch or get a wart… When these things happen, it’s good to know that skilled podiatrists are out there to help us!  Dr. Joseph Stuto has two convenient Brooklyn locations available for his patients.  Call him if you need him!