Podiatrist Blog

Posts for category: Common Foot Conditions

By Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry
October 07, 2020

A bunion, or hallux valgus, is a foot deformity in which the big toe leans towards the other toes, forcing the joint at the base of your big toe to stick out. Wearing shoes that are overly tight or narrow around the toe area is often the common cause of bunions. Bunions may not be as painful in the early stages of development but, over time, may develop into a severe disfigured foot deformity if it's not appropriately addressed. It can cause additional problems like blistering and overlapping toes. A painful bunion can make it challenging to wear shoes or even walk. Bunions could form as a result of an occupational hazard, as in the case of ballerinas, teachers, doctors, and nurses, whose feet suffer severe repetitive stress.

Here are a few early-stage conservative treatment options for preventing bunions:

  1. Smart shoe selection — Pick out footwear with a roomy, round toe box to avoid rubbing on the insides of your shoes and overlapping of the toes. Select shoes that fit well and provide comfort, protection, and adequate support. Avoid pointy or heeled shoes.

  2. Use orthotics and other devices — Over the counter or custom-made orthotics can help relieve pressure off your bunion. Toe spacers, braces, and bunions splints can also be used to help correct alignment of your big toe and reduce stress on your big toe.

  3. Start physical therapy exercises — You may want to try regular exercises for bunion relief and prevention. Exercises like toe curls, toe spread-out, toe circles, marble/towel pick up, and ball role can help relieve bunion pain, improve flexibility and mobility, and increase strength and function of the big toe.

The type of treatment depends on the severity of the bunion. At Stuto Foot Specialist Podiatry, Dr. Joseph C. Stuto, Dr. Joseph A. Stuto, Dr. Lisa Fuchs, and Dr. Momna Younas provide expert treatment for bunions and other foot and ankle disorders. You can call our Brooklyn - Heights, NY, office at (718) 624-7537 or Brooklyn, NY, office at (718) 567-1403, and schedule a consultation with our team of board-certified podiatrists.


By contactus@brooklyn-podiatrists.com
August 13, 2019

Orthotic inserts are the most widespread and safe solutions to a number of foot and ankle problems. While standard inserts are available over-the-counter, orthotic inserts that are customized by a podiatrist to treat a specific problem are more effective.

Here are some of the most frequent issues that can be addressed by using orthotics:

  • Inflammation of the tissue under your foot that connects the heel with the toes, also known as plantar fasciitis;
  • Heel and arch pain caused by inadequate support or ill-shaped shoes that harm the shape of your feet;
  • Soreness due to Achilles tendonitis;
  • The occurrence of bunions and other bone and joint deformities are mostly seen as a result of wearing poorly-fitted shoes;
  • Corns and calluses that cause your skin to become hard and scaly, making you prone to fungal infections and bacteria;
  • Swelling and pain experienced at the ball of the foot arising from excessive stress on the feet;
  • Muscle sprains and bone fractures may be avoided due to enhanced stability and a stronger grip.

Depending on the kind of foot condition our patients have, our podiatrist, Dr. Joseph Stuto can recommend either a soft orthotic insert or a hard one, designed exclusively to treat the particular issue that you are encountering.

It is important and more beneficial to get the inserts customized according to the shape of your feet. If your insert does not provide your feet the support it is supposed to, your feet could suffer even more.

Know that your orthotics can take you a long way if you let them. Make the right choice and use the inserts for your well-being. For your queries regarding orthotic inserts, or any questions regarding the condition of your feet, feel free to contact Joseph Stuto, DPM at (718) 624-7537. Our team of experts is experienced and trained to treat a diverse range of ankle and foot disorders and are here to address your concerns.

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
October 03, 2018
Tags: Bunions   arthritis  

Bunions are one of the most common foot disorders. They can be quite unattractive and bothersome if left untreated. It’s a large bony bump that forms on the side of your big toe joint. Bunions develop over time. The pressure exerted on the big toe joint causes misalignment of the big toe. The misalignment causes the big toe to lean toward the next big toe.

This deformity is found to be more common in women as they wear shoes that have narrow toe boxes that overlap or squeezes the toes together. This overlapping can cause severe pain, redness and inflammation on the sides of the big toe. Other factors that might increase the risk of bunion formation include abnormal bone structure (hereditary), arthritis or trauma.

To minimize your chances of developing bunions, it is essential that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist. A timely check and a proper diagnosis can help treat bunions more effectively.

Here are some early treatment measures to help you get on the road to recovery:

  • One of the most effective ways to treat early bunions is foot comfort. Wear shoes that have soft soles (leather), broad toe space and wide insteps. Proper footwear can help reduce pressure over the bunion. Avoid wearing tight-fitted shoes, especially those ultra-heels and narrow-toed shoes.
  • You may use protective pads to help cushion the bunion. This should relieve pressure on the affected area.
  • You may take proper medication as prescribed by a certified podiatrist to get relief from the pain and swelling caused by bunions.
  • Apply ice on the affected areas several times a day to help reduce swelling.
  • If the above treatments do not improve the state of your bunions, it’s may be time to discuss surgery.

If you notice any early symptoms of bunions, consult your podiatrist for evaluation and treatment options. At Joseph Stuto, DPM we can help provide the best podiatric care and treatment for all your foot and ankle needs. Our foot doctors Dr. Joseph C. Stuto and Dr. Joseph A. Stuto can help you win the fight against bunions. Call us and schedule an appointment at our two convenient locations in Brooklyn: (718) 567-1403 (Brooklyn), or (718) 624-7537 (Brooklyn Heights). 

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
August 09, 2018
Tags: calluses   corns   conditions  

Corns and calluses are some of the most common and annoying foot disorders. They affect millions of people around the globe each year. What many of us do not realize is that our feet help us get everywhere. They are responsible for us being able to carry our own body weight, they also help us to stand, walk and run properly.

A corn or callus is the thickening of the skin in response to pressure and friction from repetitive actions such as skin rubbing against bony areas when wearing shoes. Corns and calluses are nature’s way of protecting sensitive areas by adding extra layers of hard skin. This can cause severe irritation and discomfort. Getting timely treatment and care can help you avoid any further complications.

Although corns and calluses involve thickening. of the skin from pressure, they both differ in their physical attributes and locations. Corns are commonly found on the top or between the toes whereas calluses can be found on the bottom of the feet.

Here are some key preventive measures to keep your feet corn and callus free.

  • Wear properly fitted shoes. To make sure you never suffer from corns and callus again is having your feet measured and buying a shoe based on those measurements. The right size can help you prevent cramping and lessen friction.
  • Wear fitted socks. Wearing fitted shoes and sandals with socks can help prevent friction on your feet. Socks that do not fit properly can be a problem.
  • Wear protective gloves. Calluses on your hands may occur from the repeated pressure of playing instruments, picking up weights in the gym or using hand tools.

If you are suffering from any painful or infected corn or callus, consulting with a board-certified podiatrist is the first step. You should have your feet examined to get a proper diagnosis.

At Joseph Stuto, DPM, we treat a variety of foot and ankle conditions such as ankle sprains, athlete’s foot, heel spurs, hammertoes, skin problems, and toe deformities. Our podiatrists Dr. Joseph C. Stuto and Dr. Joseph A. Stuto provide excellent treatment for corns and calluses. Please contact us at our two convenient locations in Brooklyn: 718-624-7537 (Brooklyn Heights), or 718-567-1403 (Brooklyn) to make an appointment

By Joseph Stuto, DPM
March 21, 2018
Tags: injured   swollen   swelling  

When you take a glimpse at your feet and you notice that they are red, it can be quite alarming. Red isn’t usually the ideal color for your feet to be, after all. Your first thoughts probably are why are my feet red? Well, there are many different reasons your feet can be red. The only way to find out the true cause is by visiting a podiatrist. But, to help ease your mind and give you an inkling of some of the possibilities, read on for some of the most common reasons:

1.       Your clothes have excess dyes that turned your feet red – that’s right! Clothes that are colored and contain dyes sometimes can run and stain the feet. This is true with socks, tights, pants, and anything else that falls on or around your feet. So, before you completely panic, try to wash your feet first.

2.       You injured your foot – Yesterday when you were walking and rolled your foot, it didn’t hurt too badly so you thought nothing of it. Today, however, it is red, swollen and all around angry. When the muscles, ligaments, and tendons in the foot are strained, they can become inflamed and cause redness and swelling to alert you that something is wrong.

3.       Cellulitis is running amok on your foot – This is a serious bacterial infection that occurs when bacteria enter into the body from a small cut or scrape. It is commonly found on the foot, ankles, and legs. It causes the skin to get red, swollen and tender. It should be treated by a medical professional immediately.

4.       You have a blood clot – When your blood flow decreases, you are more at risk of getting a blood clot. This is usually due to exercise or injury. The clot forms and causes redness, swelling, and warmth in the location of the clot.

5.       You could have venous insufficiency – This condition makes it so the blood in the veins cannot flow as easily. This is usually because the valves in the veins are damaged and allow the blood to flow backward.  The feet become red with time and can become painful. Usually, compression socks are used to help this condition.

If your feet are red and you do not know why it is important to see a podiatrist right away. Although not all causes of red feet are life-threatening, there are some conditions that can have serious effects. Call Joseph Stuto, DPM of Brooklyn, New York. There Dr. Joseph A. Stuto and Joseph C. Stuto can get to the bottom of your red feet. Call 718-624-7537and make an appointment today.